Renal diseases are becoming more common nowadays and could soon become a rising epidemic. Usually, kidney problems occur in the middle-aged or the older population. But now, these diseases are occurring early in life and affecting people in the age of 25 – 40. But rapid lifestyle changes and unhealthy habits induce more stress on our body, making us prone to kidney diseases. Kidney problems affect more than 2 lakh people every year in India, and nearly 4 lakh cases are still prevalent. It’s more worrisome because the rampancy of these diseases has doubled over the past decade due to increasing cases of hypertension, diabetes and stress.
Various studies have reported that 1 out of 10 in the modern area are suffering from a chronic kidney disorder. Without timely intervention, these patients could suffer from kidney failure of stage V CKD and require dialysis or kidney transplantation from the best general surgeon in Jaipur. Hence, you need to know more about these essential organs and what ails them. Read on to learn more about kidneys, their common problems and what you can do to prevent them.
What are Kidneys and their problems?
Every organ in our body has a unique purpose and functioning, which is crucial for our wellbeing. The same goes for kidneys, as they perform multiple and complex functions to sustain the human body. They filter out waste products, excess water, toxins and other impurities out of the blood. These toxins are then stored in the bladder and expelled from the body during urination. The kidneys also control pH, salt, and potassium levels in the body and produce hormones that regulate blood pressure. They also help in red blood cells production and even activate a form of vitamin D that helps the body absorb calcium.
So if kidneys experience any problems or ailments, all these functions get affected. Hence, kidney problems could mean bad news for your overall health. It can cause the collection of waste products and fluid in your body, causing swelling in your ankle and feet. You may also experience nausea, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath in the early stages. The situation may get worse, and various complications can occur without treatment at the right time. Therefore, the best general surgeon in Jaipur recommends immediate consultation with experts to prevent further complications like chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infections and even cancer.
Here are some of common types of the kidney problems:
Chronic kidney disease
It’s one of the most common kidney diseases usually caused by high blood pressure. High blood pressure increases the pressure on the glomeruli, which are the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys that clean blood. It can cause severe damages to these vessels and also affects kidney functions. Without treatment, your kidney functions may deteriorate and halt them altogether. In this case, the best general surgeon in Jaipur recommends you to go on dialysis or find a donor for the kidney transplant surgery.
Kidney stones are also a common kidney problem that affects both men and women from all age groups. They occur when minerals and other elements in the blood filter out. These elements can crystallize and form solid masses in the kidneys called stones. Small stones usually come out during urination, but passing them can be extremely painful. However, large stones can cause significant problems and discomfort and often require laparoscopy surgery.
Urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections are the most common infections in humans, but they’re more frequent in women than men. These are bacterial infections caused by fungi or viruses and affect the urinary system. Usually, bacterial infections in the bladder and urethra are the most common type of UTIs. But they can also occur in the other parts and spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure without proper treatment. Fortunately, these do not lead to other health complications because their medical treatment is easy and requires one or two visits to the gynaecologist and medications.
Glomerulonephritis is a type of inflammation that occurs in the glomeruli. They are small structures inside your kidneys made of tiny blood vessels. These structures help filter the blood and remove excess fluids. Infections, drug abuse or congenital abnormalities are some major cause of this condition and can lead to kidney failure. It can either be acute or chronic and requires immediate treatment to prevent further complications.