Plastic surgery is an incredibly creative specialty that couples careful evaluation of defects with sophisticated arrangements of tissues to improve the uniformity and natural resemblance of repair. The Department of Plastic, Cosmetic and Reconstructive Surgery at RBH is strongly committed to restore form and function throughout the body for the patients facing the need due to a congenital condition, or as an aftereffect of surgery or trauma.
It is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body. It is mainly categorized in the following two types:
Reconstructive Surgery: It aims to reconstruct a part of the body or improve its functioning. It can be further classified as under:
- Craniofacial Surgery.
- Hand Surgery.
- Treatment of Burns.
Cosmetic or Aesthetic Surgery: It includes facial and body aesthetic surgery in order to enhance the appearance of a body part. This procedure is elective which means the patient chooses to undergo this type of surgery.
An elective surgery procedure is performed on normal parts of the body to improve a person’s appearance and/or remove signs of ageing.
- Abdominoplasty or tummy tuck
- Blepharoplasty or eyelid surgery
- Breast augmentation or breast implant
- Breast reduction for females and for men with gynecomastia
- Mastopexy or breast lift
- Rhinoplasty or reshaping of the nose
- Otoplasty or reshaping of the ear
- Rhytidectomy or face-lift
- Neck lift
- Brow/forehead lift
- VASER Liposuction or suction lipectomy
Burn surgery generally takes place in two phases:
- Acute burn surgery
- Reconstructive burn surgery
Craniofacial surgery is a surgical procedure that deals with congenital and acquired deformities of the head, skull, face, neck, jaws and associated structures.
It can be further divided into:
- Opening in both lip and in roof of mouth
- Opening in roof of mouth
Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery: It mostly revolves around the treatment of congenital anomalies of the craniofacial skeleton and soft tissues, such as cleft lip and palate, craniosynostosis and paediatric fractures.
Adult Craniofacial Surgery: It deals mostly with surgeries such as orbital reconstruction, orthognathic surgery, fixation of fractures of the facial skeleton etc.
Hand Surgery: It is concerned with acute injuries and chronic diseases of the hand and wrist, correction of congenital malformations of the upper extremities, and peripheral nerve problems such as brachial plexus injuries or carpal tunnel syndrome etc.
Microsurgery: It is generally concerned with the reconstruction of missing tissues by transferring a piece of tissue to the reconstruction site and reconnecting blood vessels. Popular subspecialty areas are breast reconstruction, head and neck reconstruction, hand surgery/replantation and brachial plexus surgery.
Paediatric Plastic Surgery: Many birth defects or syndromes present at birth are best treated in childhood as the effect of a visible disfigurement can affect a child’s development, self-confidence and self-esteem. Some of the common conditions that require plastic surgery treatment in children are:
- Craniofacial anomalies
- Cleft lip and palate
- Syndactyly (webbing of the fingers and toes)
- Polydactyly (excess fingers and toes at birth)
- Congenital hand deformities
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It is a procedure done to change the contours and shape of the body by getting rid of fat deposits.
- Quick recovery.
- Reduced blood loss.
- Skin tightening
- Reduced bodily tiring.
Ideal for those who are not so healthy but look ahead for body sculpting.
Ideal for those who are concerned for fibrous areas like upper abdomen and spine.
Individuals aiming to extract large quantities of fat in order to get the body in shape.
No, it is not a substitute for weight reduction. It is a procedure of removing the unwanted deposits of fat tissues.
Plastic surgery is the reconstruction or repair of body parts through the transfer of tissue from another part of the body due to reasons, which could involve an injury, trauma, birth disorder or cosmetic enhancement. Whereas the cosmetic surgery is a branch of plastic surgery that is completely directed at enhancing the outward appearance of the patient. The principles, techniques, and procedures of cosmetic surgery are entirely aimed to improve the physical and aesthetic appeal of the person, as well as create symmetry and proportion.