Eyes are the organs of vision. They detect light and convert it into electro-chemical impulses in neurons. Rod and cone cells in the retina facilitate colour differentiation and the perception of depth. The human eye can distinguish about 10 million colours. There are many diseases, disorders, and age-related changes that may affect the eyes.
The Department of Ophthalmology at RBH aims to provide excellent, efficient, comprehensive eye care under one roof. It offers comprehensive eye examinations as well as consultation across all areas of ophthalmology. The Department is equipped with state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic equipment that facilitate eye examinations, specialized diagnosis and treatment.
We undertake speciality practice through our dedicated team of cornea, glaucoma, retina and oculoplasty surgeons. Surgical and medical management of Retinoblastoma in childhood is achieved under the aegis of doctors especially trained in this field.
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- Most eye care experts recommend that you have a complete eye examination every one to three years, depending on your ag9 risk factors and whether you currently wear corrective lenses, The American Optometric Association (AOA) recommends that adults wearing glasses or contacts and adults aged 61 and older should see •their eye doctor every year or as recommended. If no vision correction is required, adults aged 18 to 60 should have eye exams every two years. Children need regular eye exams to detect vision problems which may interfere with learning.
- Dilation of eyes is done for a detailed eye examination, to check your prescription, detect cataract, glaucoma and to examine the retina in detail takes 2 to 4 hours for the effect of dilation to wear off, depending on which medication is required.
- A cataract is a cloudiness of the lens in your eye that prevents light from the passing of the retina and can impair your vision. Cataracts form naturally if you’re aged and sometimes remain small and unnoticeable. But with more developed cataracts, it is like viewing the world through a foggy window all the time!
An annual visit to your eye doctor can help identify cataracts early but there are symptoms you can look out for:
- Cloudy vision
- Difficulty seeing at night
- Halos around lights
- Frequent changes in glasses or contact prescriptions
- Double vision in one eye
- Light sensitivity
- Faded color vision
- One of the early indicators of presbyopia is trouble with reading the fine print. If you find yourself having to hold books farther away to see them clearly, you should talk to your eye doctor.
- Glaucoma is a disease that can damage the eyes optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. The optic nerve is a bundle of more than 1 million nerve fibers that connects the retina to the brain. However, with early detection and treatment of glaucoma, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.
- Not necessarily. Not every person with increased eye pressure will develop glaucoma. Some people can tolerate higher eye pressure better than others. Also, a certain level of eye pre=sure may be high for one person normal for another, Whether you develop glaucoma depends on the level of pressure your optic nerve can tolerate without being damaged, This level is different for each person. That is why a comprehensive dilated eye exam is very important. If can help your eye care professional determine what level of eye pressure is normal for you, Be sure 10 ask your doctor what your eye pressure is and if ifs normal.
- Open-angle glaucoma may not have any symptoms, Without treatment, people will slowly lose their peripheral (side) vision and seem to be looking through a tunnel, In Angle-closure glaucoma, there may be hazy or blurred vision, appearance of rainbow-colored circles around bright lights, severe eye and head pain, nausea or vomiting, sudden sight loss.
- Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness. It OCCUS when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. A healthy retina is necessary for good vision. If you have diabetic retinopathy, then you may notice no changes to your vision. But over time, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and CCIUSe vision lass, Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes.