Surgeries such as coronary bypass grafting (CABG), valve replacement and closure of septal defects (ASD, VSD) in the heart are performed with 100% success rate. An incision scar in such cases ranges from 1.5 inches to 2 inches on the either side of the chest.
With Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery, your surgeon makes one or more small incisions in your ribs. Then, specialized surgical instruments along with a tiny camera are inserted through the incision. This method allows your surgeon to accurately maneuver the instruments and perform the procedure more precisely.
Conventional Coronary Bypass Surgery is performed, splitting or cutting through the sternum or breastbone. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is safe and has revolutionized the way cardiac surgery is performed throughout the world.
Minimally invasive surgery confers many advantages over standard approaches, derived largely from the reduced trauma to the chest wall tissues. The benefits of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery include:
- Smaller incisions
- Smaller scars
- Reduced infection risk
- Less blood loss
- Less pain
Shorter hospital stays: Stays after minimally invasive operations are from 3 to 5 days, compared to 5 to 7 days for traditional sternotomy-based cardiac operations.
Fewer physical restrictions: Patients undergoing standard incision cardiac operations are restricted from driving an automobile or lifting objects weighing more than 5 pounds, while patients undergoing Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery are not subject to these restrictions.
Shorter recovery time: Recovery times after minimally invasive operations are from 2 to 4 weeks, compared to 6 to 8 weeks for standard sternotomy-based cardiac operations.
Conventional Coronary Artery Bypass or CABG requires the sternum or breastbone to be cut into half. Recovery time for conventional bypass surgery is longer; up to 8 weeks as the split bones need time to heal. With MICS CABG, the operation is done through the side chest wall. No bones are cut and hence healing is faster. Healing is usually complete in 10 days.
It is normally an off-pump or beating heart operation. Pump support may particularly be required when the heart is weak but the operation is still performed on the beating heart.
Yes, it could be the ideal option for you. It’s best for your surgeon to make that decision along with your respiratory therapist.
Hospital stay is as short as 2 to 3 days and most of the patients get back to normal life and work in 10 days. (A bypass surgery requires 2 months to recover from)
Yes, absolutely. You may be the perfect candidate for MICS as chances of infections are almost eliminated with the operation. The quality of your blood vessels will state whether you are suitable for this technique and your surgeon is the best judge.
No, they aren’t the same. MIDCAB is an old technique where just one or two vessels can be grafted. It’s an incomplete operation and is no longer performed. MICS CABG is the latest, most efficient technique offered by modern science.