This procedures is conducted to visualize the pleural space (the space between lungs and the chest wall). It helps in the evaluation of fluid (pleural effusìon) or air collection (Pheumothorax} in this space and provides a diagnosis instantly in most cases. Its diagnostic accuracy approaches 100% and allows biopsies to be taken under direct vision. It allows instant drainage of the fluid/air and provides immediate relief to the patients.
Asthma is a disease of the airways in the lungs. Hs symptoms are caused by inflammation, which makes •the airways red, swollen, narrower and extra-sensitive •to irritants. This leads to recurrent attacks of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing, Mild at-tacks can settle down without treatment, but treatment usually helps them to resolve more quickly. appropriate treatment can also reduce the risk of further at-tacks. If you experience a serious attack you should seek emergency help. Asthma is a long-term (chronic) disease. It does not stay the same, buy changes over time, and every person With asthma has good and bad days (or longer periods of time).
The causes of asthma ore not fully understood, Asthma is probably usually caused by a mixture of hereditary factors (those you are born with) and environmental factors, how these factors work •together is Mill largely unknown.
Allergens from house dust mites and pets are •the most common causes, but many other allergens, such as pollen and moulds, can cause asthma.
An allergy occur when the body overreacts to an allergen or a trigger that is typically harmless to mast people, Examples of allergies include Hay Fever, Asthma, Eczema, Hives and food allergy, Estimates suggest that around one out every four person is allergic.
Symptoms of an allergy range from mild to severe. In most cases, effective treatments are available to manage or treat allergy symptoms. Symptoms depend on the type of allergy, but may commonly include sneezing, running nose, red, watery and itchy eyes, wheezing, coughing, breathing problems, headaches, skin rashes, Monarch pains and vomitting
Do not self-diagnose. The symptoms and signs of allergies are common to many other medical conditions, It is important to see the doctor for its professional diagnosis and treatment,
Allergy treatments are of three types: Prevention, Medication and Immunotherapy. Prevention: Once identified, the cause of the symptoms may be avoided or removed from your life, For example, a particular food can be avoided, or a pet can be removed from the house or kept away from sleeping area
Medication: although preventions comes first, more may be needed. Medications are usually used to decrease allergy symptoms and improve the patient’s quality of life. Recent advances in medications for Asthma and other allergic diseases have been phenomenal,
Immunotherapy (allergy shots): If o specific allergy is identified and it cannot be avoided or when medication alone is not sufficient to restore your health, the allergic symptoms may be controlled or eliminated with allergy shots Treaimeni IS a method for increasing the allergic patient’s natural resistance (tolerance) to the things that are triggering ‘the allergic reactions, This treatment involves injections of small amount of purified ‘extracts’ of the substance that are causing allergic reactions.
A substance in the environment that can cause an allergic reaction in susceptible people is called allergens. There are many different allergens, but they all share one thing in common- Protein.
Common allergens include:
- Food such as milk, peanuts, tree nuts (almonds, cashews and walnuts), sesame and soya products
- Plants including pollens from grasses and plants
- Medicines from some prescription drugs (such as Penicillin}, over-the-counter medicines (such as Aspirin) and herbal preparations.
- Insects such as dust mites and venom from bees and ticks
- Molds such as mushroom.