Management of stroke at CMRI
Facility of Stroke in CMRI
After a stroke has occurred, the first 20 minutes are crucial in maximizing the patient’s chances of survival. The Calcutta Medical Research Institute or CMRI in Kolkata completely understands the gravity of this situation. With comprehensive, state of the art neurological facilities, CMRI is one of the best in the country when it comes to treating a stroke. The stroke unit at CMRI specializes in the fields of spine and brain surgery to give patients the best possible care.
CMRI’s Stroke Clinic includes, among other things, a dedicated thrombolysis facility. Thrombolysis is how major blood clots, which cause Ischemic Strokes, are dissolved to prevent or minimize damage to organs, muscles, and tissue. Additionally, the Neuro Intensive Care Unit at CMRI has the most specialized care for those who have suffered serious issues with the brain. Rather than a general ICU, the Neuro Intensive Care Unit is specifically catered to neurological emergencies, including a stroke, so that a patient can be assured of accurate and timely treatment and care.
Also available, as part of the facility, are Stroke and TIA Clinics, crucial in the after-care of strokes. A TIA, or a Transient Ischemic Attack, is a form of mini-stroke that lasts for significantly less time, but exhibits similar symptoms. Treating these TIAs early is crucial in preventing a stroke, which has more lasting consequences. CMRI’s specialized team is able to identify these symptoms and treat them early to prevent major mishaps from any neurological issues.
- What are some tell-tale signs that someone is suffering a stroke?
Unless a medical professional is present at the scene, accurately spotting the symptoms of a stroke may be difficult. However, there are some signs a family member, relative or bystanders can look out for. The victim of a stroke may feel suddenly lightheaded and weak, have difficulty standing or seeing, and lose balance and coordination. They may also have issues with their vision and severe headaches.
Typically, spotting the symptoms of a stroke follows the FAST rule. The acronym refers to Facial Drooping, Arm weakness, Speech being slurred, and after which it is Time to call for help.
- What are the types of strokes that can occur?
There are two main types of stroke that may occur- Ischemic Stroke and Hemorrhagic Stroke. While in an Ischemic Stroke, a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain is blocked, in a Hemorrhagic Stroke, which is more dangerous, there is bleeding in and around the brain due to a blood vessel bursting. It is estimated that the vast majority of strokes – around 87% – are Ischemic.
- What is the recovery time from a stroke?
The recovery from a stroke can vary widely depending on its seriousness, the age of the victim, and more. There may also be some complications they may have suffered, which can lengthen the recovery process. The majority of recovery from any stroke happens in 6 months to a year after the stroke has occurred.
- How are strokes treated?
In the immediate aftermath of suffering a stroke, patients are given medication to remove blood clots, surgery, and radiology, while those suffering a Hemorrhagic Stroke may need immediate surgery. Following the immediate risk, however, there is also a lengthy rehabilitation process for those who have survived a stroke.
- Are some people more at risk than others?
Yes. Those with very stressful lifestyles are at risk for a stroke. High blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, and sedentary lifestyles, which can lead to obesity, are also contributing factors for a stroke. Diabetes and other medical issues, which lead to strokes, can be managed early to prevent the same.