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Everything You Should Know About Rectal Prolap

Rectal Prolapse

Being educated about medical conditions helps patients to make shared, informed decisions. It can help them choose the best care and most benefits based on their personal goals. In this blog, you will learn about rectal prolapse, review the aetiology of rectal prolapse, and select the best rectal prolapse treatment in Jaipur.

What is Rectal Prolapse?

Rectal prolapse is a medical condition in which a part of the rectum starts to push through the anus. It refers to the prolapse of some or all of the rectal mucosa through the anal sphincter. 

It occurs when the lower part of the patient’s colon loses tone and collapse, which causes it to fall out of the anus. The severity of rectal prolapse can range from mild to critical and cause faecal incontinence. 

Who is most vulnerable to rectal prolapse?

Rectal prolapse is not a common medical condition and only affects about three people out of 100,000. However, women over 50 are susceptible to rectal prolapse and six times more likely than men to suffer from it. They produce less oestrogen and have loose muscles tone in the genitourinary tract. That’s why postmenopausal women are prone to rectal prolapse. 

What are the types of rectal prolapse?

Rectal prolapse is categorised into three types, depending on the movement and position of the collapsed rectum. They are the following:

Partial Prolapse- The internal lining of the rectum drops and extends out from the anus partially. It is usually less than 2 cm in length.

Internal Prolapse- It mostly occurs in early childhood in which the rectum drops and folds on itself without pushing through the anus.

Complete Prolapse- In this condition, the entire rectum pushes and extends out through the anus and is usually 2 to 5 cm long.

What are the causes of rectal prolapse?

People over 50 who have had a history of problems with their pelvis are more prone to rectal prolapse. Certain medical conditions have also been correlated with rectal prolapse, including MS, spinal tumour and lumbar diseases. According to doctors, more than 15 per cent of rectal prolapse patients also suffer from chronic diarrhoea. 

The common causes of rectal prolapse are:

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Chronic diarrhoea and constipation
  • Pregnancy and menopause
  • Nerve damage
  • Weakened anal sphincter

What are the symptoms of rectal prolapse?

The symptoms of rectal prolapse won’t appear overnight and manifest gradually. In most cases, the patient may feel like sitting on a small ball and have something sticking out of their anus. Generally, the first symptoms of rectal prolapse occur during a bowel movement. Additional symptoms may include:

  • Swelling or bulge at your anus
  • Obstruction during bowel movement
  • Faecal incontinence or leakage from the anus
  • Blood or mucus coming out of the anus
  • Irritation and pain near anus
  • Part of the rectum coming out of the anus

How to treat rectal prolapse?

In children, it may get better on its own. But in adults, the severity of prolapse will increase over time. So if you’ve been diagnosed with rectal prolapse, it would be wise not to delay the treatment. If the symptoms are mild and the prolapse is only partial, the doctor prescribes medicine or administrate injections to repair rectal prolapse. 

But in severe cases, the most effective rectal prolapse treatment in Jaipur is surgery. There are two types of surgeries to treat and repair rectal prolapse, which are:

Rectopexy or Laparoscopic surgery: It uses laparoscopic tools to repair the internal organs and is performed through a small incision on the abdomen.

Stapled Transanal Resection of the Rectum (STARR) Surgery: It requires no surgical incision thus leaves no visible scars and is performed through the anus.

How is recovery after surgery?

After a rectal prolapse treatment in Jaipur, the outlook is mostly positive. However, the patient has to be on liquid diet and stool softeners. It’s a minimally invasive procedure and only requires an overnight stay at the hospital. Also, full recovery can take only 4-6 weeks.

Rectal prolapse can be quite an uncomfortable and painful experience. So if you suspect you have a rectal prolapse, you should see your doctor and start the appropriate treatment immediately.

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