The Department of Dermatology at RBH offers both medical and surgical dermatologic care to patients of all ages. They include treatment for problems in skin, hair, nails, mucous membranes (e.g., lining inside the mouth, nose, and eyelids), and dermatological problems like skin cancer, eczema, acne, psoriasis and nail infections. Also, cosmetic cures like reducing wrinkles, age spots and other signs of aging and removing acne scars are offered here.
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- No, Acne is one of the most common skin disorders. But it is not just a teenager problem About 60%-70% of the people between the ages of 20 and 30 suffer from mild to moderate acne. Around 5% of men and 7% of women have acne even in their 40s. Acne can also occur in infants, toddlers, and young children. While it can flare up at any time, the periods of life when acne most frequently appears is during puberty, ovulation and menstruation, pregnancy, pre-menopause, and menopause. Acne is also triggered by hormones released from the adrenals, ovaries, and testes. Acne is o disorder of the pilosebaceous unit, which consists of the hair follicle, sebaceous gland and duct.
- Hives are raised reddish burns which typically ore itchy and which come and go. These can appear anywhere on the body and can be very small in size in large plaques. Hives can be caused by food, medicines, infections, cosmetics, systemic diseases, or can be autoimmune/idiopathic. These can be acute or chronic. If associated with swelling of lips, eyes, choking sensation in the throat, difficulty in breathing, or stomach pain medical attention should be sought immediately without delay.
- Warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), which is contagious and can occur anywhere on the body. HPV spread by person-to-person contact or through direct contact with an object used by a person with the wart. The virus which causes warts also can spread to other places on the body of the person with warts. Warts can be prevented from spreading by not picking at them. You should wash your hands thoroughly after touching any wart. HPV is a known risk factor for cervical cancer in females. Genital warts can be prevented by following safe sex practices.
- Vitiligo is an acquired skin disorder characterized clinically by white spots due to the absence of pigment-producing cells in the skin called melanocytes. If occurs irrespective of age, sex, and race. Vitiligo can appear anywhere on the body and clinically has many variants. It is a chronic disorder and its course is highly variable and unpredictable. Certain diseases like thyroid disorder, diabetes can be at times associated with vitiligo. Treatment options include medical therapy, phototherapy, and skin surgery including the latest melanocyte transplant. But an important point to remember is that not all white spots are vitiligo.
- Atopic dermatitis is o chronic, a non-contagious disorder that causes the skin to become inflamed i.e red, itchy, scaly, or flaky. Atopic dermatitis is most common in babies and children but it can happen to anyone.
- When children with utopic dermatitis grow older, this problem can improve or go away. But the skin may remain dry and can get more easily irritated or can be more sensitive. It is likely caused by both genetic and environmental factors. People with utopic dermatitis may go on to develop hay fever and asthma or can have a family history of these disorders. Although there is no cure for atopic dermatitis, it can be treated to keep the eczema under control.
- Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes raised, red, scaly patches to appear on the skin. It typically affects the outside of the elbows, knees, or scalp, though it can appear on any part of the body. There are many different variants of psoriasis. It can also involve the points causing psoriasis arthritis and can also be associated with diabetes, heart disease, and depression. Smoking, alcohol, stress, and certain medications can make psoriasis worse. Though psoriasis is a chronically relapsing condition it can be kept under control with treatment.
- Eczema (also known as dermatitis) is a skin condition that varies from person to person and comes in many different forms. It is not contagious so one cannot catch it from someone else. There are many variants and causes of eczema. In chronic forms, the skin is dry, scaly, red, and itchy. In acute or severe cases there may be weeping, crusting, and bleeding. Constant scratching leaves the skin more prone to infections.
- Eczema affects people of all ages including children. Those who “grow cui” of their eczema during early childhood may see it recur in later life.
- Depending on the clinical presentation and type of eczema, treatments are available to keep the signs and symptoms of eczema under control.