Heart-related problems usually do not require surgeries. A lot of heart-related issues can be sorted by medications, proper diet, exercise and some nonsurgical procedures. Some of the treatment procedures are minimally invasive which means that the medical procedures can be performed just by making a small incision such as Coronary Angioplasty. Whereas some medical procedures are much more complicated and require proper surgery.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery or CABG is a medical procedure that is used to treat coronary artery disease (CAD). In Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), the arteries that carry oxygenated blood to the heat either becomes narrowed or blocked due to cholesterol accumulation. Due to the buildup of cholesterol the artery gets narrowed due to which oxygen and nutrients are unable to reach the heart. In some cases, where the blockage is minor, simple lifestyle changes can help to get rid of the deposited fat.
When is there a need for Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery?
There are a lot of signs and symptoms that tell that your body is in discomfort and requires immediate attention. When you notice such symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. Some of the signs include
- Heart palpitations
- Chest paint
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling in hands and feet
The procedure of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
The nurse and doctors first prepare you for the surgery. Then the anesthesiologist gives you some anesthesia and monitors your blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate and oxygen level during the surgery. All these things are very crucial for the surgery and any problem might cause severe life threats. After going through the normal surgical protocols the doctors then clean the skin surface with an antiseptic solution.
Best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur make some incisions and cut open the skin in half near the breast bone to expose the heart. Once the heart is exposed the problem can be seen. The doctor then put tubes to pump out the blood to a heart-lung bypass machine. Then the doctor proceeds with the bypass graft procedure by sewing one section of the vein over a tiny opening made in the aorta and the other end by in the coronary artery just below the blockage. The doctor basically creates a new pathway for the blood to flow in case of a severe blockage. The number of grafts or bypasses depends upon the number of blockages. Then the doctor releases the blood black to the heart, removes the tubes and adds a pacemaker to initially analyze the recovery. It can be removed later on.
Types of grafts
Arterial graft: Internal thoracic arteries are the most common type of graft used in bypass surgery. It is used for its success rate and best long-term results. Another artery used for a bypass is the radial artery (arm). Most of people do not have any problem with it and it has no side effects.
Vein Grafts: Saphenous veins are present in our legs which are also used as a graft in bypass surgery. It requires a minimum incision, faster recovery and less scarring.
Risks of a heart bypass surgery
Every surgery comes with some complications and risks. Some of the risks might include
- Bleeding during or after surgery
- Chest pain
- Blood clots
- Heart attack
- Kidney failure