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What Are the Common Types Of Heart Surgery?

Heart Surgery

Most heart-related problems can be controlled with lifestyle changes and medications and do not always require surgery. But if you’ve had a heart attack, your doctor will need to perform several procedures to find and fix any irregularities in your heart that can’t be cured through medications and lifestyle changes. According to one of the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur, it is the most effective treatment option to address various heart problems such as heart failure, blockage in arteries, faulty heart valves, dilated or damaged blood vessels or abnormal heart rhythms.

Surgeries ensure that your heartbeat stays normal and maintain the necessary blood pressure during all forms of bodily activity. For example, most heart attack patients undergo thrombolysis that requires injecting a clot-dissolving agent to remove a blockage in a coronary artery. In catheter ablation, they use energy to make tiny tissue scarring that prevents abnormal electrical signals from moving through your heart. Coronary angioplasty involves inserting a stent into a narrowed or blocked coronary artery to hold it open.

However, these surgeries have evolved to be specific to different heart concerns over the last few decades. They may vary from patients to patients, depending on their symptoms and their causes. The most commonly performed types of heart surgery at one of best cardiac hospital in Jaipur are:

Open heart surgery:

It’s one of the most traditional forms of heart surgery that involves an invasive procedure in which the chest is cut open to access the heart and surrounding blood vessels. Then, the cardiologists will perform various surgical procedures to treat heart problems. It can be performed directly on the heart muscle or the arteries or valves connected to the heart. However, it requires the patient to be connected to a heart-lung machine. It works like an artificial heart during surgery and oxygenates the blood while the heart has been stopped.

The most common types of open-heart surgeries include heart valve surgery or procedures that require a hole in the heart walls. Due to advancement in open-heart surgery, it has become one of the most relied-upon techniques to drive better patient outcomes, reducing heart disease-related mortality across the world.

Heart Bypass Surgery:

It is one of the most common types of open-heart surgeries that address coronary arteries affected by plaque build-up or irreversible blockage. Hence, the surgeons will place a graft in the blocked artery, which allows the heart to bypass the blockage and restore its functions.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the major heart ailments that require heart bypass surgery. It occurs when the arteries harden over time due to fat build-up and get blocked. It can cause various problems, such as shortness of breath, tightness or heaviness in the chest area or chest pain. It often leads to a heart attack which is why doctors recommend this surgery as a preventative measure.

Heart valve repair or replacement

If the damage to the heart valve can’t be repaired through medications, surgery is required to repair or replace the damaged valve. A team of surgeons and cardiologists will either repair the valve or replace it with an artificial valve made from the donor’s tissue. To open a narrowed valve inside the heart, they will insert a catheter through a large blood vessel and guide it to the damaged valve in the heart. Then, they will inflate and deflate a small balloon at the tip of the catheter to open a narrow valve.

Heart transplant surgery:

It is recommended only as a last resort when all else have failed, and a heart failure is imminent. If heart surgeries or implantation of a medical device cannot prevent cardiomyopathy or heart defects, a heart transplant surgery is suggested by the doctor. Surgeons will take a healthy heart from a deceased donor and replace it with a patient’s heart. It requires the donor and patient to be a match in blood and tissue types. However, the patient still has to take anti-rejection drugs after surgery to ensure that their body accepts the donor’s heart.

In past decades, heart surgery has become safer and sophisticated, allowing preparedness for various eventualities and severe side effects. So if you have queries about heart surgeries and how they can improve your life, consult the cardiologists at the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur.

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