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Category Archives: Healthcare Tips

Congenital Heart Diseases and its Types

Congenital Heart Diseases and its types

Congenital heart diseases are heart defects that exist since birth, which means the child is born with the heart defect. When the child doesn’t get enough nutrition while development, it causes developmental issues that can affect any part of the body and when the inadequate nutrition causes developmental defect in heart then it is known as congenital heart defect. The defect or problem can be in the heart valves, arteries, or development in heart. In some cases the defects are minor and do not require any medical assistance; it does not cause any problem and heals with time as the child grows. In some cases, a child with congenital heart disease requires constant medical care and surgical treatment in severe cases. Today, with the help of advanced technology the doctor is able to identify heart defect while the child is in the womb. This helps the doctor to provide appropriate nutritional needs and medical care in order to decrease the chances of having a heart disease.


Usually, some of the congenital heart defect does not show any signs or symptoms of a heart disease. But in many cases the child shows some specific symptoms that shows the possibility of congenital heart disease.  A few symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Cyanosis – bluish skin, lips and nails
  • Fatigue
  • Abnormal heart disease
  • Edema- swelling of body tissues
  • Chest pain
  • Nausea
  • Lowered growth rate

Different Congenital heart defects

Aortic Valve Stenosis

Aortic valve stenosis is a type of congenital heart disease in which the blood is unable to pump out of the heart due to the narrowed aorta which is the main artery. It greatly hampers the flow of oxygen rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body that results in the thickening of the left ventricle due to which the heart has to work a lot harder than usual. This kind of heart disease causes a lot of other problems as enough oxygen is it supplied to the body.

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis is a type of congenital heart disease in which the pulmonary valve which is responsible for the blood flow from the right heart of the right ventricle to the lungs gets narrower than usual. This again makes the heart work harder in order to pump the blood from that narrowed valve that goes to the lungs that cause fatigue. As a result, the person does not get enough blood purified in the lungs and the entire circulatory system gets affected due to this.

Septal Defect

 A Septal Defect implies that the child is born with a hole in the septum of the heart. The septum separates the left and right chambers of the heart.  And if there is a hole in that part of the heart then the blood in the two chambers gets mixed which can lead to a lot of circulatory problems.

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

In Atrial Septal Defect, there is a hole in the wall of the upper chambers or the Atrium that causes the mix of blood from the Left Atrium to the Right Atrium. Some of the Atrial Septal Defects get healed on their own but most of them require a minimally invasive catheter procedure or surgical techniques in order to close the hole. There are a lot of medical procedures with the help of which this kind this condition can be treated.

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

In Ventricular Septal Defect, there is a hole in the wall of the lower chambers or the ventricles that causes the mix of blood from the left ventricle to the right ventricle. In some cases, the defect does not require a medical procedure and it gets healed but many still require surgery in order to repair it.

Truncus Arteriosus

Truncus Arteriosus is a rare congenital heart disease in which the two main arteries, i.e pulmonary artery, and aorta don’t get developed properly and exist as a single vessel. This causes a lot of blood flow into the lungs that causes pressure on the lungs which further causes breathing difficulty. This defect is fatal and requires immediate medical care.

Rukmani Birla Hospital is one of the best multi-specialty hospitals that provides the best cardiac treatment.  It is a renowned hospital, recognized as one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. We have a team of highly experienced cardiologists and healthcare professionals who are dedicated to providing the ultimate cardiac care.  For any heart-related problem or query contact RBH hospital.

How to take care of your heart and prevent Heart Failure

Heart failure is also known as congestive heart failure which is basically caused when the heart muscle doesn’t pump blood with its full capacity. Sometimes it causes fluid buildup in the lungs that further causes shortness of breath. There are several heart diseases such as coronary artery disease, congenital heart disease, and high blood pressure that make the heart weak due to which it is not able to pump blood properly. Heart failure is often misunderstood by heart-stopping, though it is basically a heart condition in which the heart is unable to pump the blood properly. It is more common than one might think and old age people are at greater risk of heart failure than young adults. Women that suffer from chronic hypertension are susceptible to heart failure. They also suffer from fatigue and shortness of breath after doing a little strenuous work. Regular walk, exercise, yoga, a properly balanced diet, and change in lifestyle help to prevent heart failure. Our heart beats continually in order to provide nutrition and oxygen to all parts of the body therefore it is our responsibility that we take care of it by making it strong enough to beat without stress.


Heat failure usually doesn’t occur suddenly, it takes duration of time. The symptoms are usually mild and people do not take note of it. But these are signs and signals of heart failure. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Chest pain
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness after doing a little work
  • Shortness of breath and uneasiness
  • Rapid weight gain due to fat buildup
  • Nausea
  • Lack of appetite
  • Swelling in legs, ankles, and feet
  • Persistent cough
  • Difficulty in concentration

Conditions that lead to heart failure

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart attack
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Inflammation heart muscles
  • Abnormal heart rhythm or heart arrhythmias
  • Congenital heart defect
  • Side effects from certain medications
  • Blood clots in lungs

Ways to Prevent Heart Failure

Minor adjustments in lifestyle play a vital role in the prevention of heart failure. Mostly, people with a sedentary lifestyle, limited body movement, bad eating habits that include packed food, junk food, spicy and fat-rich food are more likely to have heart failure. Lifestyle adjustments such as people who smoke a lot should quit smoking gradually. People who suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure should take medications on time, take a balanced meal, avoid fatty food, and must exercise regularly. Further, changing in eating habits and high fiber, protein-rich, a well-balanced nutritious diet helps in maintaining good heart health. People suffering from obesity, sudden weight gain, or fluctuation in weight are at a greater risk of having heart failure therefore, one must maintain a healthy weight by having a balanced diet and doing exercise. Further, stress is another reason that causes irregular heartbeat and causes sudden stress to the heart due to which heart beats very fast due to which the heart muscles get weak and the heart is unable to pump properly. Rukmani  Birla hospital is a multi-specialty hospital that provides the world-class treatment. It is recognized as one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. We have the best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur who are specialized and have the experience to provide the best healthcare.   For any health-related problem or query contact RBH hospital and be assured of your health.

Cardiovascular disease and its types

Cardiovascular diseases can be defined as conditions that affect the heart or the blood vessels. It affects the structure and function of the heart. There are several cardiovascular diseases that a responsible for heart conditions across the globe. A sedentary lifestyle and dietary habits are responsible for cardiovascular disease and other factors such as a family history or previous heart condition might also be the reason for cardiovascular diseases. The main cause of the cardiovascular disease is lifestyle issues and a fat-rich diet which makes the arteries narrow and blocks the supply of blood. The arteries get narrowed due to the accumulation of plaque or high cholesterol which is made up of fat that deposits in the arteries eventually blocking the pathway for blood circulation. This ultimately causes a decrease in blood flow and a lot of heart-related problems.

 Symptoms of Cardio-Vascular diseases:

Generally, all the diseases have certain signs and symptoms but people suffering from type 2 Diabetes and hypertension usually don’t show any signs and symptoms initially. Others might show several symptoms some of them include:

  • Chest pain
  • Nausea
  • Pain or discomfort in left arm, shoulder, elbow, jaw, and back.
  • Fatigue
  • Lightheadedness
  • Cold sweats
  • Heart palpations
  • Abdominal pain
  • Indigestion
  • Sleeplessness
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty in breathing

Risk factors involved:

Particular people suffering from chronic diseases or who have a medical history of certain types of diseases might have the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Some of the diseases and reasons might include:

  • High Cholesterol level
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • Tobacco use
  • Smoking
  • Drinking
  • Excessive use of drugs
  • Genetic disorder
  • Family history of heart disease
  • Sodium, sugar fat-rich diet
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle

Types of Cardiovascular Diseases:

Heart disease: Coronary heart disease is sometimes also known as coronary artery disease which is very prevalent due to lifestyle and improper diet. It is caused by narrowed arteries, weak heart muscle due to which the blood supply is not proper; coronary heart disease is one of the first signs of a heart attack.

Stroke: It occurs when the blood supply from the heart is interrupted and it doesn’t reach to the brain. The brain loses the vital supply of oxygen and nutrients, this causes a stroke or blood clot in the brain and it might also cause a brain hemorrhage.

Heart attack: Heart attack usually occurs when the blood supply is not sufficient. Not all heart attacks are fatal for life but they cause acute damage to the heart.

Heart arrhythmia: It is a medical condition in which the electrical conduction system of the heart leads to abnormal heartbeats or heart rhythms.

Heart valve disease: When there is a problem in heart valves and the blood supply is not proper in most cases it is due to a hole in the valve. In such cases, the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood gets mixed which could be fatal for life.

Rukmani  Birla hospital is a multi-specialty hospital that provides world-class treatment. It is recognized as one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. We have the best cardiac surgeons who are specialized and have the experience to provide the best healthcarefacility.   For any health-related problem or query contact RBH hospital and be assured of your health.

Know About Some Commonly Caused Congenital Heart Diseases

Congenital heart disease refers to a heart condition that is caused by birth. Any child who is born with heart disease suffers from congenital heart disease. Some of the congenital heart diseases are not fatal and do not require any treatment, but most of the congenital heart disease requires treatment. Heart diseases are difficult enough for adults but they can be disastrous in children. There are numerous heart diseases that are caused in children. There are various causes that might cause congenital defects, but sometimes its cause remains unknown. Early diagnosis of congenital heart disease is very important as it helps the doctor in providing the best treatment options available. With the help of growing technology in the past decade, detecting congenital heart disease while the baby is still in the womb has become possible.


  1. Pale blue skin

2. Rapid breathing

3. Swelling hands, ankles, and feet

4. Fatigue

5. Blood circulation


The heart starts to develop in the first six weeks of pregnancy. The hearts then begins to form and start beating. All the important components also begin to develop during this time. This phase is very critical and the mother requires a lot of rest, mental peace, and proper nutrition. Further, there is a list of things that should be avoided during that time, such as drinking, smoking, drug consumption, excessive physical pressure, and heavy medications.  All these things must be avoided as they might cause any defect or health-related issue in the child. Further, there are other factors that lead to congenital heart disease such as genetic disorder, environmental factors, lifestyle, etc

Some commonly caused congenital heart defects:

There are a lot of congenital defects and most of these affect blood vessels, valves, and the development of the heart.  Some of the most commonly caused heart defect includes:

Atrial Septal Defects (ASD): An Atrial Septal Defect is basically a hole in the heart. In this defect, there is a hole in the wall between the upper chambers or the right and left atria of the heart.  The hole causes the blood from the left atrium to mix with the blood in the right atrium. Some of the holes get repaired on its own with proper nutrition and care whereas some requires surgery.   The surgery can be performed by using a minimally invasive catheter procedure.

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD): A Ventricular septal defect is a hole in the septum that separates the lower chambers of the heart.  If there is a defect or hole in this part then the blood gets pumped back to the lungs instead of the body. A small VSD often heals itself but if the hole is bigger in that case it requires surgery.

Complete Atrioventricular canal defect (CAVC): It is one of the most fatal types of septal defects. It is a dangerous defect as it affects all four chambers of the heart. Since all the chambers are affected it prevents oxygenated blood to reach the body that causes several other health-related issues.  In this type of defect, surgery becomes a necessity. Rukmani  Birla hospital is a multi-specialty hospital that provides world-class treatment. It is recognized as one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. We have the best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur who are specialized and have the experience to provide the best healthcare facility.   For any health-related problem or query contact RBH hospital and be assured of your health

Things to know about Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Heart-related problems usually do not require surgeries. A lot of heart-related issues can be sorted by medications, proper diet, exercise and some nonsurgical procedures. Some of the treatment procedures are minimally invasive which means that the medical procedures can be performed just by making a small incision such as Coronary Angioplasty. Whereas some medical procedures are much more complicated and require proper surgery. 

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery or CABG is a medical procedure that is used to treat coronary artery disease (CAD). In Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), the arteries that carry oxygenated blood to the heat either becomes narrowed or blocked due to cholesterol accumulation. Due to the buildup of cholesterol the artery gets narrowed due to which oxygen and nutrients are unable to reach the heart. In some cases, where the blockage is minor, simple lifestyle changes can help to get rid of the deposited fat.

When is there a need for Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery?

There are a lot of signs and symptoms that tell that your body is in discomfort and requires immediate attention. When you notice such symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. Some of the signs include

  • Heart palpitations
  • Chest paint
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in hands and feet
  • Indigestion

The procedure of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

The nurse and doctors first prepare you for the surgery. Then the anesthesiologist gives you some anesthesia and monitors your blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate and oxygen level during the surgery. All these things are very crucial for the surgery and any problem might cause severe life threats. After going through the normal surgical protocols the doctors then clean the skin surface with an antiseptic solution.

Best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur make some incisions and cut open the skin in half near the breast bone to expose the heart. Once the heart is exposed the problem can be seen. The doctor then put tubes to pump out the blood to a heart-lung bypass machine. Then the doctor proceeds with the bypass graft procedure by sewing one section of the vein over a tiny opening made in the aorta and the other end by in the coronary artery just below the blockage. The doctor basically creates a new pathway for the blood to flow in case of a severe blockage. The number of grafts or bypasses depends upon the number of blockages. Then the doctor releases the blood black to the heart, removes the tubes and adds a pacemaker to initially analyze the recovery. It can be removed later on. 

Types of grafts

Arterial graft: Internal thoracic arteries are the most common type of graft used in bypass surgery. It is used for its success rate and best long-term results. Another artery used for a bypass is the radial artery (arm). Most of people do not have any problem with it and it has no side effects.

Vein Grafts: Saphenous veins are present in our legs which are also used as a graft in bypass surgery. It requires a minimum incision, faster recovery and less scarring.

Risks of a heart bypass surgery

Every surgery comes with some complications and risks. Some of the risks might include

  • Infection
  • Bleeding during or after surgery
  • Chest pain
  • Blood clots
  • Arrhythmia
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Pneumonia
  • Kidney failure
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