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Category Archives: Cardiac Sciences

Heart Disease

How Constipation Can Trigger Heart Disease?

We all treat constipation as something you’re more likely to experience as you age, like grey hair or wrinkles. Although occasional constipation is a common condition that usually goes away on its own, a fraction of people may experience chronic constipation. It’s more severe than common constipation and mostly interferes with their daily tasks. It may also lead to excessive straining and pain during bowel movements that worsen over time. More importantly, it can also lead to severe complications such as haemorrhoids and anal fissure and skin damage in the anus when left untreated for a long time. According to the best general surgeon in Jaipur, having these symptoms and complications for a long time can considerably damage a patient’s quality of life. Hence, being aware of warning signs of constipation and possible complications can significantly contribute to ensuring appropriate and timely treatments.

What is constipation?

In general understanding, constipation is an acute or chronic digestive problem that refers to abnormal bowel movements, such as the loss of stool, reduced frequency in defecation, and hard stools that are hard to pass. So when bowel movements become less frequent or experience difficulty while passing stool, it’s because you’re suffering from constipation. If you are passing stool less than three times a week, then you have constipation. It’s usually a benign condition but causes chronic complications when leaving unattended for a long time. It can even lead to life-threatening diseases, including cardiovascular problems. The best heart hospital in Jaipur has stated that patients with constipation had a 12% higher risk of mortality, and 19% higher risk of developing CHD and ischemic stroke. While constipation is three times more common in men than women, the risks of developing severe complications are much higher in older women.

What are the causes of constipation?

Constipation can often become painful, uncomfortable and often lead you to embarrassing situations. Plus, it also hampers your daily activities and contributes to significant productivity loss. It’s one of the common symptoms in clinical practice caused by lifestyle changes and diet. The most common reasons behind constipation may include:

  • Lack of physical activity
  • Low fibre diet
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Laxative use
  • Dehydration
  • Colon and rectum disorders
  • Ignoring the urge to pass a stool

It’s a common gastrointestinal disease that accounts for at least 2.5 million consultations with physicians every year in the US. And with an increased risk of heart diseases, especially in women, you must also visit your doctor if you have persistent symptoms of constipation.

How can constipation affect your heart’s health?

Patients with digestive problems and chronic constipation have to take several medicines continuously to manage their symptoms. But these medicines used to manage gastroenterological issues have been associated with adverse heart diseases. Various studies have also suggested that straining during hard stools can cause electrical abnormalities or abnormal heart rhythm problems. It’s because medical professionals have witnessed that chronic straining may cause the coronary artery to narrow down in some patients, leading to ischemic heart disease.

The risk of constipation leading to cardiovascular problems increases with age and involves a change in intestinal microbiota. It’s because oxidative stress in old age is directly linked with constipation and the onset of cardiovascular disease. In some patients, they also found that faecal impaction can also be the trigger for cardiovascular complications. While a definite correlation is yet to be established, many doctors believe that drugs taken during old age to smooth down bowels can significantly contribute to the potential complications.

How can heart patients manage constipation?

Constipation is a critical condition that should not be taken lightly. So if you suspect constipation, you have to seek medical attention as soon as possible. However, along with treatment, changing your lifestyle and food habits is the first step towards the successful management of constipation. Here are some steps that everyone should follow to keep constipation a bay:

  • You should consume 20‐35 g/d of dietary fibre and 1.5‐2.0 L/d of water.
  • You must ensure effective treatment for chronic constipation irrespective of any other underlying condition.
  • You should take stool softeners and stimulant laxatives with expert guidance.
  • You should have regular oral administration and check-ups to check the renal functions of electrolytes if you have high-grade bradycardia and atrioventricular blockage.
  • You can also take herbal medication containing rhubarb with your physician’s guidance.
Kidney Problem

What are Some Common Types of Kidney Problems?

Renal diseases are becoming more common nowadays and could soon become a rising epidemic. Usually, kidney problems occur in the middle-aged or the older population. But now, these diseases are occurring early in life and affecting people in the age of 25 – 40. But rapid lifestyle changes and unhealthy habits induce more stress on our body, making us prone to kidney diseases. Kidney problems affect more than 2 lakh people every year in India, and nearly 4 lakh cases are still prevalent. It’s more worrisome because the rampancy of these diseases has doubled over the past decade due to increasing cases of hypertension, diabetes and stress.

Various studies have reported that 1 out of 10 in the modern area are suffering from a chronic kidney disorder. Without timely intervention, these patients could suffer from kidney failure of stage V CKD and require dialysis or kidney transplantation from the best general surgeon in Jaipur. Hence, you need to know more about these essential organs and what ails them. Read on to learn more about kidneys, their common problems and what you can do to prevent them.

What are Kidneys and their problems?

Every organ in our body has a unique purpose and functioning, which is crucial for our wellbeing. The same goes for kidneys, as they perform multiple and complex functions to sustain the human body. They filter out waste products, excess water, toxins and other impurities out of the blood. These toxins are then stored in the bladder and expelled from the body during urination. The kidneys also control pH, salt, and potassium levels in the body and produce hormones that regulate blood pressure. They also help in red blood cells production and even activate a form of vitamin D that helps the body absorb calcium.

So if kidneys experience any problems or ailments, all these functions get affected. Hence, kidney problems could mean bad news for your overall health. It can cause the collection of waste products and fluid in your body, causing swelling in your ankle and feet. You may also experience nausea, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath in the early stages. The situation may get worse, and various complications can occur without treatment at the right time. Therefore, the best general surgeon in Jaipur recommends immediate consultation with experts to prevent further complications like chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infections and even cancer.

Here are some of common types of the kidney problems:

Chronic kidney disease

It’s one of the most common kidney diseases usually caused by high blood pressure. High blood pressure increases the pressure on the glomeruli, which are the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys that clean blood. It can cause severe damages to these vessels and also affects kidney functions. Without treatment, your kidney functions may deteriorate and halt them altogether. In this case, the best general surgeon in Jaipur recommends you to go on dialysis or find a donor for the kidney transplant surgery.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are also a common kidney problem that affects both men and women from all age groups. They occur when minerals and other elements in the blood filter out. These elements can crystallize and form solid masses in the kidneys called stones. Small stones usually come out during urination, but passing them can be extremely painful. However, large stones can cause significant problems and discomfort and often require laparoscopy surgery.

Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections are the most common infections in humans, but they’re more frequent in women than men. These are bacterial infections caused by fungi or viruses and affect the urinary system. Usually, bacterial infections in the bladder and urethra are the most common type of UTIs. But they can also occur in the other parts and spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure without proper treatment. Fortunately, these do not lead to other health complications because their medical treatment is easy and requires one or two visits to the gynaecologist and medications.


Glomerulonephritis is a type of inflammation that occurs in the glomeruli. They are small structures inside your kidneys made of tiny blood vessels. These structures help filter the blood and remove excess fluids. Infections, drug abuse or congenital abnormalities are some major cause of this condition and can lead to kidney failure. It can either be acute or chronic and requires immediate treatment to prevent further complications.

Aortic Valve Insufficiency

All You Need to Know About Aortic Valve Insufficiency

Heart disorders have become more common nowadays and even affect the younger population. However, diseases that ail the heart valves are more lethal than others. Our heart has four valves, which are tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral and aortic valve. They help to keep blood flowing smoothly in the correct direction with their flap-like doors or leaflets. These valves open when blood pressure changes and close securely to prevent backflow in the opposite direction.

But in heart valve disease, one or more of the valves won’t open sufficiently or close evenly, causing the blood flow through your heart to your body to be disrupted. Both men and women can suffer from heart valve disease, but it may affect them differently and usually depend on the type of diseased valve. Here’s everything you need to know about one of the most common heart valve diseases that require intervention from the best general surgeon in Jaipur

What is Aortic Valve Insufficiency?

Also known as aortic valve regurgitation, it’s a common type of valvular heart disease caused due to defect in the heart’s pumping chamber or main artery, aortic valve. It stops blood from flowing back into the left ventricle that pumps oxygen-rich blood and nutrients to the body. The aortic valve insufficiencytriggers tightening of the aortic valve leaflet, which reduces the blood flow from the heart into the aorta and other parts of the body. However, some blood leaks back through the valve as the heart relaxes instead of flowing backwards into the left ventricle. Due to the heart inefficiency in pumping out blood, severe health conditions can get triggered, including stroke and heart failure.

When the aortic valve suddenly starts leaking, the heart doesn’t have time to get used to the leak in the valve. But with time, the heart gets used to the leak and becomes chronic aortic valve regurgitation. However, aortic valve insufficiency can also be acute and occurs more often with age in both men and women.

What are the symptoms of Aortic Valve Insufficiency?

Various noticeable and subtle symptoms can indicate the development of aortic valve insufficiency. However, some of these symptoms may not show up for years and only occur when the damage progresses. When your condition becomes severe, you may experience symptoms that get worse with time, including:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty in breathing while lying on back
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Unusual heartbeat or heart palpitations
  • Swelling in ankles, feet, abdomen, and the neck veins
  • Chest pain with tightness
  • Fainting

If your condition becomes much severe, it may become a medical emergency and includes symptoms like:

  • Shock symptoms such as pale skin, unconsciousness, or rapid breathing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Irregular heart rhythms that prevent the heart from pumping blood effectively

Without timely intervention, aortic valve insufficiency can also lead to heart attack, stroke and even heart failure. Therefore, you should immediately visit the best heart hospital in Jaipur to prevent further complications.

How is aortic valve insufficiency diagnosed?

The diagnosis requires an observation of symptoms and the overall health of the patient in a physical examination. During the physical examination, your doctor will ask you about your medical history and symptoms you’re experiencing for a long time. The diagnosis will also include a few more tests, such as:

  • Chest X-ray to determine if the left ventricular has become enlarged.
  • Echocardiogram to create an image of our heart through sonic sound waves and evaluate the condition of the heart valves and heart chambers while beating.
  • Electrocardiogram to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart and disease’s impact on the heart and lungs.
  • Cardiac Catheterization to assess the flow and pressure of blood through the heart chambers.
  • Stress testing to assess the functional capacity of the aortic valve
  • CT or MRI scan to find any sign of damage or tearing of the aorta

How is aortic valve insufficiency treated?

If you have a mild form of this condition, you may need only medicines to lower blood pressure and maintain the heart’s rhythm. If you have an enlarged left ventricular, you may also need diuretics to reduce swelling in the affected area. But in severe aortic valve insufficiency, you’ll need surgery to replace the affected valve through a heart valve replacement surgery. Hence, it’s crucial to closely follow up with the best general surgeon in Jaipur to ensure surgery is the right option for you.


What Are the Common Causes of Stomach Pain?

Everyone has experienced pain in their abdomen, at one time or another. It can range anywhere from mild to disconcerting and everything in between. Most people treat stomach pain as a slight discomfort that will go away on its own. While it’s true in most cases, the pain can increase over time, which is a sign of underlying disease. However, the list of causes is endless, and even the most meticulous Google search will not provide you with the exact results. That’s why we have listed some of the most common causes of stomach pain, so you’ll know whether you need to see a gastrologist or go for a hernia treatment in Jaipur.


While stomach pain usually doesn’t require treatment, frequent and sharp pain can be a sign of an impending medical emergency. If you’re experiencing constant pain in the upper right abdomen, it could mean that there is a problem with the gallbladder, liver, or pancreas. It can be a sign of any of the following:

  • Acute pancreatitis causing inflammation in the pancreas
  •  Liver diseases causing digestive problems
  • Stones in the gallbladder causing severe stomach pain

Gallstones are the most common cause of stomach pain and may last for four to six hours. While gallstones aren’t necessarily life-threatening, they can cause various complications, including pancreatitis. So if you find the pain unbearable, and comes with fever, vomiting, or feeling of intense illness, then you should visit the best hospital in Delhi for treatment.

Apart from gallstones, pancreas and liver problems, there are various conditions that can cause pain in the upper right abdomen. These conditions can be:

Diverticular disease

It occurs when small pouches form in the colon, which may become inflamed or infected. If that happens, it will lead to a painful condition called diverticulitis and require consultation from an expert. Its symptoms can include:

  • sudden, intense abdominal pain
  • constipation
  • diarrhoea
  • cramping
  • bloating
  • Kidney stones


The appendix is a thin, finger-shaped pouch located near the end of the colon. Appendicitis occurs when the appendix gets infected and gets filled with pus. It causes pain that starts in the middle of the stomach and gradually moves to the abdomen’s right side. Treatment for appendicitis requires the surgical removal of the appendix. Without timely intervention and treatment, the appendix can rupture and cause stomach infection. Therefore, you should go for treatment if they have any of these symptoms:

  • Pain that starts from the middle of the stomach and shifts to the right side.
  • Pain that starts around the navel and often shifts to your lower right abdomen.
  • Pain and discomfort while coughing, walking or making other jarring movements.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite


Hernias occur when a tissue, muscle or part of the intestine pushes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles and stays there. They can cause a visible bulge in the stomach and sharp pain. However, the pain can become when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object. However, many hernias do not cause pain. While they are usually harmless, they don’t get better on their own. In some cases, it can even lead to life-threatening complications. One of the best hernia treatment hospital in Jaipur recommends surgery to fix hernias that are painful or life-threatening. Symptoms of hernias include:

  • A visible bulge in the affected area
  • Burning sensations near the bulge
  • Sharp pain in the stomach
  • Feeling a heavy or full sensation in the groin area
  • Swelling of the scrotum

Blocked intestines

A blockage in the intestines can also be a cause of intense pain in the stomach. It can range from partial blockages to complete blockages and everything in between. It prevents the body from expelling waste, and without intervention, it can tear the intestine and cause various life-threatening complications. Its symptoms include:

  • abdominal pain
  • cramping
  • a swollen stomach
  • a fever
  • a rapid heartbeat
  • bloody diarrhoea

There can be several reasons behind your stomach pain, including inflammatory bowel disease, tumours or hernias. But early hernia treatment in Jaipur can ensure a better prognosis. So visit our doctor to find the cause of your stomach pain and start treatment as soon as possible.

Heart Surgery

What Are the Common Types Of Heart Surgery?

Most heart-related problems can be controlled with lifestyle changes and medications and do not always require surgery. But if you’ve had a heart attack, your doctor will need to perform several procedures to find and fix any irregularities in your heart that can’t be cured through medications and lifestyle changes. According to one of the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur, it is the most effective treatment option to address various heart problems such as heart failure, blockage in arteries, faulty heart valves, dilated or damaged blood vessels or abnormal heart rhythms.

Surgeries ensure that your heartbeat stays normal and maintain the necessary blood pressure during all forms of bodily activity. For example, most heart attack patients undergo thrombolysis that requires injecting a clot-dissolving agent to remove a blockage in a coronary artery. In catheter ablation, they use energy to make tiny tissue scarring that prevents abnormal electrical signals from moving through your heart. Coronary angioplasty involves inserting a stent into a narrowed or blocked coronary artery to hold it open.

However, these surgeries have evolved to be specific to different heart concerns over the last few decades. They may vary from patients to patients, depending on their symptoms and their causes. The most commonly performed types of heart surgery at one of best cardiac hospital in Jaipur are:

Open heart surgery:

It’s one of the most traditional forms of heart surgery that involves an invasive procedure in which the chest is cut open to access the heart and surrounding blood vessels. Then, the cardiologists will perform various surgical procedures to treat heart problems. It can be performed directly on the heart muscle or the arteries or valves connected to the heart. However, it requires the patient to be connected to a heart-lung machine. It works like an artificial heart during surgery and oxygenates the blood while the heart has been stopped.

The most common types of open-heart surgeries include heart valve surgery or procedures that require a hole in the heart walls. Due to advancement in open-heart surgery, it has become one of the most relied-upon techniques to drive better patient outcomes, reducing heart disease-related mortality across the world.

Heart Bypass Surgery:

It is one of the most common types of open-heart surgeries that address coronary arteries affected by plaque build-up or irreversible blockage. Hence, the surgeons will place a graft in the blocked artery, which allows the heart to bypass the blockage and restore its functions.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the major heart ailments that require heart bypass surgery. It occurs when the arteries harden over time due to fat build-up and get blocked. It can cause various problems, such as shortness of breath, tightness or heaviness in the chest area or chest pain. It often leads to a heart attack which is why doctors recommend this surgery as a preventative measure.

Heart valve repair or replacement

If the damage to the heart valve can’t be repaired through medications, surgery is required to repair or replace the damaged valve. A team of surgeons and cardiologists will either repair the valve or replace it with an artificial valve made from the donor’s tissue. To open a narrowed valve inside the heart, they will insert a catheter through a large blood vessel and guide it to the damaged valve in the heart. Then, they will inflate and deflate a small balloon at the tip of the catheter to open a narrow valve.

Heart transplant surgery:

It is recommended only as a last resort when all else have failed, and a heart failure is imminent. If heart surgeries or implantation of a medical device cannot prevent cardiomyopathy or heart defects, a heart transplant surgery is suggested by the doctor. Surgeons will take a healthy heart from a deceased donor and replace it with a patient’s heart. It requires the donor and patient to be a match in blood and tissue types. However, the patient still has to take anti-rejection drugs after surgery to ensure that their body accepts the donor’s heart.

In past decades, heart surgery has become safer and sophisticated, allowing preparedness for various eventualities and severe side effects. So if you have queries about heart surgeries and how they can improve your life, consult the cardiologists at the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur.

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