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Category Archives: Cardiac Sciences

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What Are Heart Palpitations, And What To Do About Them?

Heart palpitations occur when your heartbeats suddenly become more erratic and noticeable. It makes you feel like your heart is pounding too hard, fluttering too fast or skipping a beat. According to the best heart hospital in Jaipur, these sensations are noticed in the chest, throat or neck area and can cause more problems than discomfort. 

While palpitations may seem bothersome or frightening, they’re mostly harmless and are not a sign of a problem. These are temporary sensations that can come from exercise or stress. But in some situations, these can also be a sign of an underlying heart problem. 

The best heart doctors in Jaipur have reported that heart palpitations can also be caused by changes in the heart’s electrical system. It causes your heart to speed up, slow down or skip a beat for no reasons. Therefore, it’s important to understand its causes, signs, symptoms and risks, so you know what to do about them.

What are the causes of heart palpitations?

Heart palpitations can be caused by various internal and external factors affecting the rhythm or intensity of your heartbeat. Some of the common causes of heart palpitations include:

Stress or anxiety: When your body experiences intense emotions, such as stress or anxiety, it releases certain hormones that can speed up your heartbeat. It can also lead to intensive bouts of panic attacks that last for a few minutes. A panic attack feels like a heart attack with symptoms, including racing heart, sweating, trouble breathing and chest pain.

Exercise or heavy physical exertion: When you put your body through rigorous physical activity, your heart will naturally start to beat faster. It helps your heart to deliver more blood and oxygen to power your muscles throughout the whole exercise. In some cases, irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia can also heart palpitations during a workout.

Nicotine: Some addictive chemicals in cigarettes, such as nicotine raise your blood pressure and speed up your heart rate. A regular smoking habit or usage of nicotine replacements may not trigger heart palpitations right away but leave long term damages to your heart. In some cases, patients may experience withdrawal and even after quitting. 

Pregnancy or hormone changes: In the middle of their pregnancy, most women experience speeding heartbeat because of hormone changes. They may also feel them when they have their periods or in menopause. These heart palpitations are only temporary and are no reason for worry. But in some pregnancy cases, heart palpitations can also be caused by anaemia in which your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells to deliver oxygen throughout the body.

What are the symptoms of heart palpitations?

The signs and symptoms of heart palpitations vary from person to person and can be described in various ways. Early symptoms may occur in the chest area, which includes:

  • Pounding and thudding in the chest area
  • Racing heartbeat
  • skipping a beat
  • Fluttering
  • Murmuring or flip-flopping

In some cases, these palpitations are followed by other symptoms that resemble a heart attack. These symptoms are:

  • Excessive sweating
  • Quenching thirst
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Chest pain

How to manage heart palpitations?

Heart palpitations are usually harmless and usually go away on their own. However, the best heart doctors in Jaipur advise few measures to manage your heart palpitations better. These measures are:

Stress management: Most heart palpitations are caused by stress so learn relaxation strategies, such as meditation, yoga or breathing techniques to ease its symptoms.

Hydration:  Dehydration or electrolytes can also cause heart palpitations. Therefore, drink a glass of water or electrolytes may help prevent and manage heart palpitations.

Vagal Manoeuvres:  The vagus nerve is connected to both the heart and brain and can be used to regulate your stress levels and heart rate. You can try various strategies that stimulate the vagus nerve to return your heartbeat to normal levels. 

When should you seek medical help?

You don’t need medical assistance if your heart palpitations happen occasionally and pass quickly. But some palpitations can also be a sign of an underlying heart condition. Therefore, it’s a good idea to see medical help if:

  • Your heart palpitations continue for a long time
  • Your heart palpitations occur regularly for no apparent reasons
  • Your heart palpitations are followed by chest pain, nausea and shortness of breath

So, if you’re unsure about heart palpitations, it’s always better to get a proper medical evaluation at the best heart hospital in Jaipur.

best general Surgeon in Jaip

Common Foods Items That Can Raise Your Heart Attack Risks

Cardiovascular or heart diseases are the leading cause of death in India, claiming more than 1.7 million of life every year. But why more and more Indians are falling victim to these conditions, and how can we improve our chances against this looming threat. Well, according to one of the best general Surgeon in Jaipur, the answer is in your diet.

The FDA recommends that you should consume less than 10% of your daily calories from added sugar and oils. However, most of us are consuming way more, which isn’t great for the heart. It causes the arteries in your heart to get narrow and also increases blood pressure. In short, you might be eating away your life without even realizing it.

But that’s the least of your worries. Certain food types drastically increase therisk of heart diseases. The Best heart hospital in Jaipur has stated that consuming high saturated fats put you at the risk of a heart attack.

So if you want your heart to be healthy for the year to come, you have to keep some food items away from you. Read on to know which food items you should avoid keeping your heart healthy. There are more than a few:

Fast Foods: Aptly known as junk foods, fast food items like burger and fries not only make you obese but also weaken your heart. These foods items are loaded with unsaturated fats and carbs. So the more you eat, the higher your blood pressure and cholesterol levels are going to be. 

High blood cholesterol levels cause blockage in arteries, leading to a heart attack or even stroke. You can try to cut down on fast food items or replace them with food made in saturated fats such as vegetable oils. 

Baked & fried goods: Baked goods have double the fats, plus an abundance of sugar. Besides, conventional frying creates Trans fats and raises cholesterol while lowering the levels of nutrients. It gradually offers no nutritional benefits and might contain hydrogenated shortenings. 

Some of the best heart hospital in Jaipur have linked these food items to an increased risk of heart diseases. An easy way to add healthy fat to your diet is to use olive oil or coconut oil while preparing your food.

Soda or carbonated drinks: In India, the largest sources of added sugar are not food items but are carbonated drinks. They can do a lot of damage to your health and your heart and offers no benefits whatsoever. Regular soda consumption triggers a spike in insulin, which leads to weight gain, metabolic problems and serious health disorders. 

The added sugar in them only adds to the health problems, causing inflammation and adiposity. So the next time you feel a craving for soda, go for a glass of sparkling water, fresh juice or even a smoothie. 

Pizza: Cheese, the main ingredient in Pizza, has the highest levels of fats than any other food. On top of that, it also has high sodium content and unhealthy toppings. All of these usually gets stored in your body as belly fat and wreak havoc on your heart’s health. However, you can allow yourself an indulgence once in a while.

Rather than eating a whole pizza by yourself, stick to just one or two occasional slices. You can also add a healthy salad as a side to increase your fibre intake and prevent the bad cholesterol from going up.

Processed meats: Processed meats are preserved using salt or added preservatives and have high levels of fats. Even the ones with low fats contain about 250 mg of sodium per slice which is half of the daily recommended levels. What’s worrisome is that they are high in Trans fats and offer the worst possible nutritional profile.

Some of the best general Surgeon in Jaipur recommend adding lean protein options such as poultry, fish and eggs in your daily diet. They are not only a great source of nutrients but also contain no cholesterol.

open-heart surgery

Everything You Need to Know About Open-Heart Surgery

Each year in India, more than 17 lakh people are diagnosed with a heart condition. According to a study by The Register General of India, Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) has the highest mortality in India. However, the main culprit behind these numbers is none other than us. In the past 20 years, our lifestyle has changed rapidly due to urbanization. Young Indians are consuming processed foods more and more without working out less than ever. The best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur also witnessed that the cases of CVDs in the younger generation are increasing day by day. Combining all these statistics show that the younger generation in India is getting more prone to heart attacks.

For heart patients, there are many treatments available to diagnose and treat heart conditions. However, only an open heart surgery can correct the problems where other treatments have failed to work. Even one of the best cardiac centre in Jaipur believes that open heart surgery is imminent to prevent further complications and to put heart patients on the path for the best recovery.

If you’re about to undergo open-heart surgery, here’s everything you should know to prepare for it.

What is open-heart surgery?

As the name suggests, an open heart surgery means the doctor will cut open the chest to perform operations on the heart muscles, valves or arteries. It’s a major procedure, which requires the surgeon to have proper access to the patient’s heart and rectify the damage completely. The most common open-heart surgery is Bypass surgery, in which arteries and veins are removed from the other part of the patient’s body to replace a clogged artery in the heart muscles. 

It’s performed to treat blocked or narrow arteries that can trigger a heart attack. The replaced artery is then allowed to go around the clogged artery and to resupply the heart with fresh blood. Cardiac surgeons perform it to repair or replace the damaged valves in the heart or treat an aneurysm. In this surgery, all functionalities of a patient’s heart are shifted to a machine while the surgeon operates.

When is open-heart surgery needed?

An open-heart surgery becomes inevitable when the coronary arteries in the heart get too narrow or blocked. According to the best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur, they only perform open-heart surgery if placing the stent is not possible. Also, one of the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur have performed this procedure if there is a severe coronary disease in multiple arteries and the risk of heart attack is high. 

Other procedures that require open-heart surgery are:

· Repair or replacement of heart valve

· Repair of damaged heart

· Replacement of the entire heart

· Implementation of medical devices such as pacemakers.

What are the types of open-heart surgeries?

Open –heart surgeries are some of the most advanced operations in the medical industry, and only the best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur can perform them. Although new techniques and treatments are emerging, open-heart surgery is still considered the best action to treat CVDs.

Here are the types of open-heart surgeries that are performed at one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur regularly:

On-pump open heart surgery:  In this procedure, the patient is on ventilator support while being kept under anaesthesia. The surgeon harvests the blood vessels while the heart-lung machine maintains the blood flow throughout the body. The heart-lung machine allows the heart to stop, so the surgery won’t have to be performed on a beating heart. Recommended only for critical patients, this surgery is quicker, and the bleeding is minimal. 

Off-pump open heart surgery: The process is the same in this surgery, except the heart maintain the blood flow and not the machine. The surgeon first stabilizes the portion of the heart while the rest of the heart keeps working. It allows surgeons to bypass the blocked artery in a controlled environment. It is less expensive, reduces recovery risks and requires less transfusion comparatively to on-pump surgery. However, only the non-critical patients are eligible for off-pump surgery.

How is post-surgery recovery?

Open-heart surgery is a major life event that directly affects the quality of your life. That’s why it’s highly important to stay vigilant following the procedure. The patient is kept in ICU for the next 24 hours and then under observation for 48 hours. Once the patient regains consciousness, the surgeons remove the chest tubes and the breathing tubes. More than 98% of patients lead a normal life after the surgery. According to one of the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur, total recovery may take up to 6 months. But once you’ve recovered, there’s a good chance that you’ll feel even better than before.

cardiac hospital in jaipur

Alleviating The Risks of Atherosclerosis Through The Ages

To keep the blood flowing normally through your body it is important that all parts of your circulatory system function in a proper and synchronized manner and this includes your arteries as well. However, there are a lot of problems that can keep your arteries from functioning well. Atherosclerosis is one such problem that can hinder the normal circulation of blood. The condition is marked by the narrowing or stiffening of the arteries. 

Atherosclerosis is progressive in nature and usually begins very early, though you may not feel any symptom initially. As per the best cardiac surgeons in Jaipur, atherosclerosis can continue to grow and block the blood vessels as well. Not only this, the plaque can rupture, resulting in instant clotting which can lead to a heart attack or stroke. This can be life-threatening.

Though atherosclerosis is quite unpredictable, there’s one good news. The condition takes years to progress and the rate can be further slowed down by incorporating some healthy changes in your day to day life. So, here are a few tips that you should definitely consider if you are planning to alleviate your risks of developing atherosclerosis. 

Age group – 20s and 30s

At this age, the condition is usually in its initial stage and there are no major complications that may call for the need for immediate medical intervention. The problem may even start before you have stepped into your 20s. Studies have shown that atherosclerosis is more likely to affect youngsters suffering from obesity, hypertension and high cholesterol. Smokers, too, fall in the risk category. Hence, it is better to begin regular health assessments at the age of 20. 

Experts from the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur suggest that the major focus of the affected in this age group should not be on getting treatment, but rather developing good habits that can help to curb the progression of the disease. It is important to indulge in physical activities and make a routine that you can easily follow for years to come. To make your routine a bit interesting, you can try experimenting. For instance, you can join Zumba classes, try swimming, take part in sports, go cycling, etc. As important as it is to keep moving, it is equally important to healthify your diet. You may need to cut down on your cravings and stick to healthy alternatives.

Age group – 40s and 50s

As per the experts from the best cardiac centre in Jaipur, the chances of developing atherosclerosis, as well as the rate of its progression, increases as we approach middle age. The major emphasis during this time should be on alleviating the risks. It is important to get yourself assessed on a daily basis. 

You neither need to run marathons nor spend hours in the gym. Even small changes make a big difference. 30 minutes of walking in the morning or taking the stairs instead of the lift, everything counts. Go to the store to buy the grocery instead of ordering it to your doorstep. Try experimenting with healthy food. Don’t stick to the same options every day as it can be boring. Limit your portions and eat at regular intervals. Don’t use your age as an excuse as adherence to a healthy lifestyle has no age bar. 

Age group – Above the 60s

As you are on the verge of retirement, your major focus should be on enjoying your life and kicking out all the stress. The risks of atherosclerosis are significantly high at this age. 85 per cent of deaths owing to atherosclerosis occur in this age group. Adhering to a healthy lifestyle is not a choice but rather a necessity. Many elderlies suffer from problems like diabetes and hypertension which make them even more vulnerable to atherosclerosis, hence proper management of these is very important. 

Exercising can do wonders for you, but this does not mean that you have to run miles or take part in rigorous sports. Simple stretching, walking, and mild exercise are enough to keep you going. Dietary modifications are also a must and you can easily get a personalized diet plan from your doctor. 

Heart attack symptoms in women: Are they different from those in men?

A heart attack is a serious health emergency that needs immediate medical attention. But, does it affect men and women differently?

Anatomically, hearts may look the same; however, there are important physiological differences between those of men and women. When a heart attack occurs, these distinctions affect the resultant symptoms as well. For instance, research suggests that during an attack, women are more likely to experience symptoms other than chest pain, such as pain in the neck, shortness of breath, dizziness, etc. However, chest pain remains one of the most widely reported symptoms of an attack.

Recognizing a heart attack

Heart attack symptoms depend on several factors and may show up differently based on gender, age, pre-existing conditions, etc. Some common early symptoms of heart attack are –

  • Mild chest pain
  • Pain in shoulders, neck, and jaw
  • Breathlessness
  • Anxiety
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue

As per the Society of Cardiovascular Patient Care, 50% of all people experiencing a heart attack experience early heart attack symptoms. It’s important to be aware of these early symptoms to be able get quick  treatment to prevent heart damage.

Heart attacks symptoms in men

On an average, men have heart attacks earlier in life than women. If there is a family history of heart disease or an individual history of smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, etc., the chances of getting a heart attack are higher.

Some commonly reported symptoms of a heart attack in men are –

  • Standard pain in the chest, a feeling of “pressure” like something heavy sits on the chest, with a squeezing sensation
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain or discomfort in the upper body – arms, back, neck, jaw
  • A feeling of dizziness or passing out
  • Breaking out in a cold sweat

For men, heart attack symptoms typically occur fast. Often, plaque build-up in the arteries leads to heart attacks; in men, the plaque suddenly ruptures, causing the body’s emergency response system to form a protective blood clot. This clot blocks arteries, causing a heart attack. What’s interesting is that, in men, such ruptures account for 75% of all heart attacks but, in women, only 55%. When this happens, the symptoms are obvious as opposed to women who show subtler signs of a heart attack.

Heart attacks symptoms in women

In recent years, scientists have discovered that heart attack symptoms can be different in women. Studies have found that the most frequently reported symptoms by don’t even include chest pain.

Common heart attack symptoms experienced by women are –

  • Sleep disturbances
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fatigue lasting for several days or sudden fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Jaw pain
  • Indigestion
  • Pain in the upper back, shoulder, or throat
  • Pain in the center of the chest, sometimes spreading up the arms

Women have unique risk factors

Women develop conditions that men cannot – PCOS, endometriosis, etc., all of which can increase the chances of having a heart attack. In fact, a study concluded that women suffering from endometriosis were up to 3 times more likely to have a heart attack!

What’s more, women with common conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, etc. are at greater risk for a heart attack than men with these conditions. In fact, it has been found that clinical depression, which is twice as common in women, actually doubles a woman’s risk of a heart attack. Unfortunately, many women’s symptoms go untreated, owing to a tendency to dismissing them and not seeing a doctor and putting families first. In fact, women’s symptoms are also often wrongly diagnosed.

It is known that women tend to have heart attacks later in life than. While the average age for a first heart attack in men is 65 in men, it is 72 in women. It is believed that women’s exposure to estrogen offers some extra protection against heart attacks, but only up until menopause. Once estrogen levels drop, this advantage goes away.

Women are less likely to survive heart attacks

According to studies, more women than men die due to heart attacks. This could be attributed to the fact that women take longer to visit the hospital, perhaps due to mild symptoms that don’t seem life-threatening. Because their heart attacks can be harder to diagnose, they’re also less likely to receive the right treatment.

Additionally, women receive less aggressive treatment after an attack. After surviving an attack, they are at greater risk for blood clots that can cause further heart attacks. However, they’re less likely to receive medication to prevent clots, which is why they are more likely to have a second attack within 12 months.

Prevent heart attacks with regular check-ups

Irrespective of your gender, you can take steps to reduce the risk of an attack. Get ample exercise, eat a nutritious, heart-healthy diet, maintain a healthy weight, and schedule regular check-ups to track blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels. Even though women and men may experience different heart attack symptoms, they ought to take the same steps to prevent heart attacks and increase well-being.

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