Mental health refers to the emotional and psychological well-being of a person. Good mental health is as desirable as physical health for a happy and healthy life. The mental health of a person can be influenced by a variety of factors such as life events, genetics, trauma, injury, etc. When mental health is affected negatively it can lead to mental disturbance or mental illness.
Mental illness is a broad term which includes a variety of problems that affect the way a person feels and thinks. It also impacts the ability of people to get through their everyday lives. Today, mental health problems have become very common and are not considered a taboo like earlier generations. It is important that a person is both mentally and physically healthy to be able to live a good life. For a person suffering from any kind of mental illness, he/she must get the required psychiatric treatment. Psychiatric treatment is available at psychiatric hospitals that offer a host of mental health facilities to treat psychological, emotional and behavioural issues. Psychiatric hospitals adopt a multi-disciplinary approach to treat patients through an efficient team of psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, psychologists and remedial educators.
Classes of mental health illness/disorders
Some of the common classes of mental health illness and disorders include:
Neurodevelopmental disorders: These mental disorders include a wide variety of problems that affect a person during infancy or childhood. These include disorders of the brain such as autism, hyperactivity disorder, learning problem, etc.
Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders: These disorders cause a person to be detached from the actual reality. Such disorders cause delusions, hallucinations, as well as a problem with speech and thinking.
Bipolar and other related disorders: These disorders involve a varying period of mania such as hyperactivity, over-energy and excitement on one hand and another hand – depression.
Depressive disorders: These disorders impact the emotional feelings of a person, such as happiness, excitement, sadness, etc. Such disorders disrupt a person’s ability to function properly.
Anxiety disorders: Anxiety problems impact the ability of a person to face situations that cause anxiety. These disorders cause panic attacks, phobias, etc.
Obsessive-compulsive disorders: Such problems include preoccupation or obsession with actions and thoughts.
Dissociative disorders: These disorders cause a person to lose their sense of self or disrupt their self-image such as dissociative identity disorder, dissociative amnesia.
Somatic symptom and other-related disorder: People with this disorder tend to experience major emotional stress, which impacts their functioning not just mentally but also physically.
Elimination disorders: These problems relate to the release of urine or stool by accident or on purpose in inappropriate circumstances or places, such as bedwetting.
Sexual dysfunctions: These are related to sexual response disorders such as premature ejaculation, etc.
Sleep-wake disorders: These are sleep problems such as insomnia, sleep apnea, etc.
Impulse-control disorders: These are problems of emotional and behavioural self-control such as kleptomania.
Neurocognitive disorders: These disorders are related to one’s ability to think and reason. These are acquired and not developed; some examples include trauma caused by brain surgery, Alzheimer’s, etc.
Addictive disorders: These disorders include people addicted to the consumption of alcohol, drugs, tobacco, caffeine, etc.
Other mental disorders: Among other disorders affecting the mental health of a person, some are – personality disorders, paraphilic disorders, eating problems, and others.
These disorders have their symptoms and need an effective diagnosis and attentive medical care. This is possible in reputed psychiatric hospitals that provide a host of mental health facilities.
Mental health facilities available in the psychiatric hospital
A good psychiatric hospital will be able to diligently diagnose the mental disorder and provide the required care through its facilities and services.
Some of the common mental health facilities provided to patients in psychiatric hospitals include:
- Psychotherapy: This is a kind of treatment for patients with mental illness. This treatment is provided by trained mental professionals who help patients by exploring their deep thoughts, feelings, emotions, etc. and ensuring their well-being. This therapy is very useful in cases where the patient is suffering from a mental disorder that involves emotional or behavioural changes. Some common examples of psychotherapy include:
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
- Exposure Therapy
- Dialectical Behaviour Treatment
- Case Monitoring and Management: This is a type of personalised treatment plan which is administered by a case manager who is a trained mental professional. Each treatment plan is assessed, planned and implemented to facilitate recovery.
- Hospital and residential treatment programmes: This kind of facility is provided to patients who suffer from severe mental illness and can be a potential danger to others, in most cases. To treat such cases, psychiatric hospitals admit the patients and provide care in the hospital. The duration of stay can vary per case to include 24-hours in-patient care, partial or full-day, or long-term residential treatment in which the patient is provided with a temporary place to live and get treated.
- Support Groups: Given the increasing rate of mental illness, new facilities and treatment methods are being introduced by psychiatric patients. Support groups are one such kind where a patient is included in a group meeting which comprises of peers and not professionals; the entire group has a shared goal of recovery and talks about similar experiences to encourage each other to fight their battle well. These sessions are supervised by professionals.
- Brain-stimulation: Brain stimulations are helpful in cases of depression and related mental health disorders which have failed to respond to psychotherapy and medications. These include:
- Electroconvulsive therapy
- Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
- Brain nerve stimulation
- Vagus nerve stimulation
These are some of the basic mental health facilities provided by a psychiatric hospital. However, depending on each case, the hospital might direct another treatment to ensure effective recovery. It is important to discuss all relevant details, including the benefits and impact of each treatment.