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Congenital Heart Diseases and its Types

Congenital Heart Diseases and its types

Congenital heart diseases are heart defects that exist since birth, which means the child is born with the heart defect. When the child doesn’t get enough nutrition while development, it causes developmental issues that can affect any part of the body and when the inadequate nutrition causes developmental defect in heart then it is known as congenital heart defect. The defect or problem can be in the heart valves, arteries, or development in heart. In some cases the defects are minor and do not require any medical assistance; it does not cause any problem and heals with time as the child grows. In some cases, a child with congenital heart disease requires constant medical care and surgical treatment in severe cases. Today, with the help of advanced technology the doctor is able to identify heart defect while the child is in the womb. This helps the doctor to provide appropriate nutritional needs and medical care in order to decrease the chances of having a heart disease.


Usually, some of the congenital heart defect does not show any signs or symptoms of a heart disease. But in many cases the child shows some specific symptoms that shows the possibility of congenital heart disease.  A few symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Cyanosis – bluish skin, lips and nails
  • Fatigue
  • Abnormal heart disease
  • Edema- swelling of body tissues
  • Chest pain
  • Nausea
  • Lowered growth rate

Different Congenital heart defects

Aortic Valve Stenosis

Aortic valve stenosis is a type of congenital heart disease in which the blood is unable to pump out of the heart due to the narrowed aorta which is the main artery. It greatly hampers the flow of oxygen rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body that results in the thickening of the left ventricle due to which the heart has to work a lot harder than usual. This kind of heart disease causes a lot of other problems as enough oxygen is it supplied to the body.

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis is a type of congenital heart disease in which the pulmonary valve which is responsible for the blood flow from the right heart of the right ventricle to the lungs gets narrower than usual. This again makes the heart work harder in order to pump the blood from that narrowed valve that goes to the lungs that cause fatigue. As a result, the person does not get enough blood purified in the lungs and the entire circulatory system gets affected due to this.

Septal Defect

 A Septal Defect implies that the child is born with a hole in the septum of the heart. The septum separates the left and right chambers of the heart.  And if there is a hole in that part of the heart then the blood in the two chambers gets mixed which can lead to a lot of circulatory problems.

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

In Atrial Septal Defect, there is a hole in the wall of the upper chambers or the Atrium that causes the mix of blood from the Left Atrium to the Right Atrium. Some of the Atrial Septal Defects get healed on their own but most of them require a minimally invasive catheter procedure or surgical techniques in order to close the hole. There are a lot of medical procedures with the help of which this kind this condition can be treated.

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

In Ventricular Septal Defect, there is a hole in the wall of the lower chambers or the ventricles that causes the mix of blood from the left ventricle to the right ventricle. In some cases, the defect does not require a medical procedure and it gets healed but many still require surgery in order to repair it.

Truncus Arteriosus

Truncus Arteriosus is a rare congenital heart disease in which the two main arteries, i.e pulmonary artery, and aorta don’t get developed properly and exist as a single vessel. This causes a lot of blood flow into the lungs that causes pressure on the lungs which further causes breathing difficulty. This defect is fatal and requires immediate medical care.

Rukmani Birla Hospital is one of the best multi-specialty hospitals that provides the best cardiac treatment.  It is a renowned hospital, recognized as one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. We have a team of highly experienced cardiologists and healthcare professionals who are dedicated to providing the ultimate cardiac care.  For any heart-related problem or query contact RBH hospital.

Cardiovascular disease and its types

Cardiovascular diseases can be defined as conditions that affect the heart or the blood vessels. It affects the structure and function of the heart. There are several cardiovascular diseases that a responsible for heart conditions across the globe. A sedentary lifestyle and dietary habits are responsible for cardiovascular disease and other factors such as a family history or previous heart condition might also be the reason for cardiovascular diseases. The main cause of the cardiovascular disease is lifestyle issues and a fat-rich diet which makes the arteries narrow and blocks the supply of blood. The arteries get narrowed due to the accumulation of plaque or high cholesterol which is made up of fat that deposits in the arteries eventually blocking the pathway for blood circulation. This ultimately causes a decrease in blood flow and a lot of heart-related problems.

 Symptoms of Cardio-Vascular diseases:

Generally, all the diseases have certain signs and symptoms but people suffering from type 2 Diabetes and hypertension usually don’t show any signs and symptoms initially. Others might show several symptoms some of them include:

  • Chest pain
  • Nausea
  • Pain or discomfort in left arm, shoulder, elbow, jaw, and back.
  • Fatigue
  • Lightheadedness
  • Cold sweats
  • Heart palpations
  • Abdominal pain
  • Indigestion
  • Sleeplessness
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty in breathing

Risk factors involved:

Particular people suffering from chronic diseases or who have a medical history of certain types of diseases might have the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Some of the diseases and reasons might include:

  • High Cholesterol level
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • Tobacco use
  • Smoking
  • Drinking
  • Excessive use of drugs
  • Genetic disorder
  • Family history of heart disease
  • Sodium, sugar fat-rich diet
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle

Types of Cardiovascular Diseases:

Heart disease: Coronary heart disease is sometimes also known as coronary artery disease which is very prevalent due to lifestyle and improper diet. It is caused by narrowed arteries, weak heart muscle due to which the blood supply is not proper; coronary heart disease is one of the first signs of a heart attack.

Stroke: It occurs when the blood supply from the heart is interrupted and it doesn’t reach to the brain. The brain loses the vital supply of oxygen and nutrients, this causes a stroke or blood clot in the brain and it might also cause a brain hemorrhage.

Heart attack: Heart attack usually occurs when the blood supply is not sufficient. Not all heart attacks are fatal for life but they cause acute damage to the heart.

Heart arrhythmia: It is a medical condition in which the electrical conduction system of the heart leads to abnormal heartbeats or heart rhythms.

Heart valve disease: When there is a problem in heart valves and the blood supply is not proper in most cases it is due to a hole in the valve. In such cases, the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood gets mixed which could be fatal for life.

Rukmani  Birla hospital is a multi-specialty hospital that provides world-class treatment. It is recognized as one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. We have the best cardiac surgeons who are specialized and have the experience to provide the best healthcarefacility.   For any health-related problem or query contact RBH hospital and be assured of your health.

Know About Some Commonly Caused Congenital Heart Diseases

Congenital heart disease refers to a heart condition that is caused by birth. Any child who is born with heart disease suffers from congenital heart disease. Some of the congenital heart diseases are not fatal and do not require any treatment, but most of the congenital heart disease requires treatment. Heart diseases are difficult enough for adults but they can be disastrous in children. There are numerous heart diseases that are caused in children. There are various causes that might cause congenital defects, but sometimes its cause remains unknown. Early diagnosis of congenital heart disease is very important as it helps the doctor in providing the best treatment options available. With the help of growing technology in the past decade, detecting congenital heart disease while the baby is still in the womb has become possible.


  1. Pale blue skin

2. Rapid breathing

3. Swelling hands, ankles, and feet

4. Fatigue

5. Blood circulation


The heart starts to develop in the first six weeks of pregnancy. The hearts then begins to form and start beating. All the important components also begin to develop during this time. This phase is very critical and the mother requires a lot of rest, mental peace, and proper nutrition. Further, there is a list of things that should be avoided during that time, such as drinking, smoking, drug consumption, excessive physical pressure, and heavy medications.  All these things must be avoided as they might cause any defect or health-related issue in the child. Further, there are other factors that lead to congenital heart disease such as genetic disorder, environmental factors, lifestyle, etc

Some commonly caused congenital heart defects:

There are a lot of congenital defects and most of these affect blood vessels, valves, and the development of the heart.  Some of the most commonly caused heart defect includes:

Atrial Septal Defects (ASD): An Atrial Septal Defect is basically a hole in the heart. In this defect, there is a hole in the wall between the upper chambers or the right and left atria of the heart.  The hole causes the blood from the left atrium to mix with the blood in the right atrium. Some of the holes get repaired on its own with proper nutrition and care whereas some requires surgery.   The surgery can be performed by using a minimally invasive catheter procedure.

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD): A Ventricular septal defect is a hole in the septum that separates the lower chambers of the heart.  If there is a defect or hole in this part then the blood gets pumped back to the lungs instead of the body. A small VSD often heals itself but if the hole is bigger in that case it requires surgery.

Complete Atrioventricular canal defect (CAVC): It is one of the most fatal types of septal defects. It is a dangerous defect as it affects all four chambers of the heart. Since all the chambers are affected it prevents oxygenated blood to reach the body that causes several other health-related issues.  In this type of defect, surgery becomes a necessity. Rukmani  Birla hospital is a multi-specialty hospital that provides world-class treatment. It is recognized as one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. We have the best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur who are specialized and have the experience to provide the best healthcare facility.   For any health-related problem or query contact RBH hospital and be assured of your health

Things to know about Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Heart-related problems usually do not require surgeries. A lot of heart-related issues can be sorted by medications, proper diet, exercise and some nonsurgical procedures. Some of the treatment procedures are minimally invasive which means that the medical procedures can be performed just by making a small incision such as Coronary Angioplasty. Whereas some medical procedures are much more complicated and require proper surgery. 

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery or CABG is a medical procedure that is used to treat coronary artery disease (CAD). In Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), the arteries that carry oxygenated blood to the heat either becomes narrowed or blocked due to cholesterol accumulation. Due to the buildup of cholesterol the artery gets narrowed due to which oxygen and nutrients are unable to reach the heart. In some cases, where the blockage is minor, simple lifestyle changes can help to get rid of the deposited fat.

When is there a need for Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery?

There are a lot of signs and symptoms that tell that your body is in discomfort and requires immediate attention. When you notice such symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. Some of the signs include

  • Heart palpitations
  • Chest paint
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in hands and feet
  • Indigestion

The procedure of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

The nurse and doctors first prepare you for the surgery. Then the anesthesiologist gives you some anesthesia and monitors your blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate and oxygen level during the surgery. All these things are very crucial for the surgery and any problem might cause severe life threats. After going through the normal surgical protocols the doctors then clean the skin surface with an antiseptic solution.

Best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur make some incisions and cut open the skin in half near the breast bone to expose the heart. Once the heart is exposed the problem can be seen. The doctor then put tubes to pump out the blood to a heart-lung bypass machine. Then the doctor proceeds with the bypass graft procedure by sewing one section of the vein over a tiny opening made in the aorta and the other end by in the coronary artery just below the blockage. The doctor basically creates a new pathway for the blood to flow in case of a severe blockage. The number of grafts or bypasses depends upon the number of blockages. Then the doctor releases the blood black to the heart, removes the tubes and adds a pacemaker to initially analyze the recovery. It can be removed later on. 

Types of grafts

Arterial graft: Internal thoracic arteries are the most common type of graft used in bypass surgery. It is used for its success rate and best long-term results. Another artery used for a bypass is the radial artery (arm). Most of people do not have any problem with it and it has no side effects.

Vein Grafts: Saphenous veins are present in our legs which are also used as a graft in bypass surgery. It requires a minimum incision, faster recovery and less scarring.

Risks of a heart bypass surgery

Every surgery comes with some complications and risks. Some of the risks might include

  • Infection
  • Bleeding during or after surgery
  • Chest pain
  • Blood clots
  • Arrhythmia
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Pneumonia
  • Kidney failure

Reasons For Growing Demand For General Surgeons in India

  • Endocrine system
  • The heart and blood vessels
  • Hormones and glands
  • Treatment of cancer  that includes surgical removal
  • Accident and traumatic injuries
  • Head and neck injury
  • Digestive tract
  • Esophagus
  • Abdomen

What to expect from a general surgeon

A general surgeon firstly evaluates the physical condition of the patient. Then the doctor also asks several questions related to the patient’s health. Based on the questions and after evaluating the physical condition of the patient the doctor then goes with the next set of procedures that includes

  • Different tests according to the requirement
  • Surgical procedure if required any
  • Required medications
  • Preoperative and post-operative care
  • Appropriate diet or nutrition for faster recovery

 Why is there a need for a general surgeon?

 General surgeons play a vital role in emergency situations when specialist doctors are not available. In cases such as accident or trauma, emergency surgery is required and general surgeons help to save lives in such cases. Further, specialists are not always available and not all the hospital in rural and urban areas have specialist 24 hours. General surgeons are in much demand for such reasons. Military doctors are also general surgeons as they need a doctor who are well aware of the entire body so that they can cure any part of the body in cases like accidents and trauma. Special training is provided for advanced trauma surgery before a general surgeon is appointed as a doctor in the military.

Common procedures performed by a general surgeon

A general surgeon is capable enough to perform any surgical procedure and treat diseases. He has full knowledge about the body inside and out. Some of the surgical procedures performed by a general surgeon are

  • Esophageal surgery: Esophagus is a crucial part of the body, whatever we eat or drink goes through the esophagus. There are several diseases or problems that need immediate surgery such as acid reflux, excision of an esophageal lesion, and esophagectomy.
  • Gastroenterology procedures: There are a lot of Gastrointestinal disorders (GI) that require immediate attention. Most of the surgeries performed for gastric problems such as gastric bypass surgery, upper GI endoscopy, and liver biopsy are done by general surgeons.
  • Gall bladder removal: Cholecystectomy or gall bladder removal is required to when there is a digestive-related problem or gall stones.
  • Thyroid removal: The thyroid gland is responsible for making hormones and there are certain defects that might cause problems and require surgery.
  • Wound Repair:  Accidents or trauma cause several kinds of injuries that need immediate surgery. In the military, wound repair treatment is required more often, therefore general surgeons play a vital role in saving lives in such conditions.

Rukmani  Birla hospital is a multi-specialty hospital that provides the world-class treatment. It is recognized as one of the best hospitals in Jaipur. We have the best General Surgeon in Jaipur that is specialized and have experience to provide the best healthcare in Jaipur.   For any health-related problem or query contact RBH hospital and be assured of your health.

Varicose Veins

All You Need to Know About Varicose Veins and Your Surgical Options

Most of us are familiar with varicose veins that appear as twisted and enlarged veins and usually occur on the lower legs. You probably already noticed that varicose veins are very common in India, with over ten million cases of the disease every year. According to the best general surgeon in Jaipur, over 30 per cent of the Indian adult population may suffer from this disease. Most think these deformed veins are just a cosmetic problem and there’s nothing you cannot do about them. But varicose veins can progress into a more serious problem if left untreated. They may become swollen or enlarged and affect the blood circulation of the veins. While there is no permanent cure for these varicose veins, some treatments can reduce their deformity and decrease the risk of complications from these dysfunctional veins. Read on to know more about varicose veins, their causes, risk factors, prevention strategies and treatments.

Veins and arteries are an integral part of the circulatory system that supplies oxygen-rich blood and nutrients throughout your body. But in the process, your body also creates byproducts, toxins and oxygen-poor blood that go back to your heart. Hence, the valves in your veins work to prevent blood from flowing backwards or in between heartbeats. But over the years, these valves can stop functioning. It allows blood to reflux and accumulate in the veins in your lower legs, known as chronic venous insufficiency or CVI. These accumulations press against the inside of the veins that cause bloating and twisting in them.

While most varicose veins develop close to the skin, some can also occur deep within your body tissues. The best general surgeon in Jaipur considers varicose veins to be unhealthy veins that allow harmful toxins to remain in the tissues and prevent them from getting oxygen-rich blood. Hence, they can lead to several complications, such as breakdown of the nearby skin and tissues that cause painful leg sores and venous ulcers. These ulcers also heal slowly because of a limited supply of fresh blood and nutrients through varicose veins. And without timely intervention and surgery, they can stagnate in the veins and form blood clots that can move to the lungs, heart or brain to cause severe problems.

What is varicose vein surgery?

Varicose veins surgery involves a surgical procedure performed to remove or cure the damaged and dysfunctional veins. It’s a more preferred treatment for varicose veins compared to other treatment options. It can significantly lower the chances of recurrence, restore the vein’s appearance and effectively relieves symptoms than non-surgical treatments. Surgeons can recommend this surgery for both aesthetic and medical purposes due to its safety.

Nearly 80% of the people who have varicose vein surgery noticed that their symptoms, such as swelling, heaviness, and throbbing pain, alleviated significantly or vanished completely. But it becomes more necessary when the patient has recurrent varicose veins, severe symptoms that worsen with time, blood clots or ulcers and bleeding from veins. So, if you’re currently suffering from any of these severe problems, immediately get in touch with a surgeon for timely intervention. 

What are the types of varicose vein surgery?

Open Surgery:

It’s a traditional or conventional surgical procedure that requires surgeons to make several incisions and stitches on the body to restore the damage in veins. Hence, it can significantly increase the risk of infections or complications post-surgery and is inconvenient for most patients.

Radiofrequency Ablation

It’s one of the modern treatment options for varicose veins in which the surgeon uses radiofrequency waves or heat waves to destroy the damaged varicose veins. These scarred tissue seals the end of these veins that cause them to collapse and fade away over time.

Laser Treatment

It’s the most effective and advanced surgery in which the surgeon directs laser energy pulse onto the enlarged varicose veins. It shuts off the blood supply through the damaged varicose veins to ensure permanent treatment of varicose veins. It’s a non-invasive procedure that provides permanent relief from the symptoms and troubles of varicose veins safely.

Heart Disease

How Constipation Can Trigger Heart Disease?

We all treat constipation as something you’re more likely to experience as you age, like grey hair or wrinkles. Although occasional constipation is a common condition that usually goes away on its own, a fraction of people may experience chronic constipation. It’s more severe than common constipation and mostly interferes with their daily tasks. It may also lead to excessive straining and pain during bowel movements that worsen over time. More importantly, it can also lead to severe complications such as haemorrhoids and anal fissure and skin damage in the anus when left untreated for a long time. According to the best general surgeon in Jaipur, having these symptoms and complications for a long time can considerably damage a patient’s quality of life. Hence, being aware of warning signs of constipation and possible complications can significantly contribute to ensuring appropriate and timely treatments.

What is constipation?

In general understanding, constipation is an acute or chronic digestive problem that refers to abnormal bowel movements, such as the loss of stool, reduced frequency in defecation, and hard stools that are hard to pass. So when bowel movements become less frequent or experience difficulty while passing stool, it’s because you’re suffering from constipation. If you are passing stool less than three times a week, then you have constipation. It’s usually a benign condition but causes chronic complications when leaving unattended for a long time. It can even lead to life-threatening diseases, including cardiovascular problems. The best heart hospital in Jaipur has stated that patients with constipation had a 12% higher risk of mortality, and 19% higher risk of developing CHD and ischemic stroke. While constipation is three times more common in men than women, the risks of developing severe complications are much higher in older women.

What are the causes of constipation?

Constipation can often become painful, uncomfortable and often lead you to embarrassing situations. Plus, it also hampers your daily activities and contributes to significant productivity loss. It’s one of the common symptoms in clinical practice caused by lifestyle changes and diet. The most common reasons behind constipation may include:

  • Lack of physical activity
  • Low fibre diet
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Laxative use
  • Dehydration
  • Colon and rectum disorders
  • Ignoring the urge to pass a stool

It’s a common gastrointestinal disease that accounts for at least 2.5 million consultations with physicians every year in the US. And with an increased risk of heart diseases, especially in women, you must also visit your doctor if you have persistent symptoms of constipation.

How can constipation affect your heart’s health?

Patients with digestive problems and chronic constipation have to take several medicines continuously to manage their symptoms. But these medicines used to manage gastroenterological issues have been associated with adverse heart diseases. Various studies have also suggested that straining during hard stools can cause electrical abnormalities or abnormal heart rhythm problems. It’s because medical professionals have witnessed that chronic straining may cause the coronary artery to narrow down in some patients, leading to ischemic heart disease.

The risk of constipation leading to cardiovascular problems increases with age and involves a change in intestinal microbiota. It’s because oxidative stress in old age is directly linked with constipation and the onset of cardiovascular disease. In some patients, they also found that faecal impaction can also be the trigger for cardiovascular complications. While a definite correlation is yet to be established, many doctors believe that drugs taken during old age to smooth down bowels can significantly contribute to the potential complications.

How can heart patients manage constipation?

Constipation is a critical condition that should not be taken lightly. So if you suspect constipation, you have to seek medical attention as soon as possible. However, along with treatment, changing your lifestyle and food habits is the first step towards the successful management of constipation. Here are some steps that everyone should follow to keep constipation a bay:

  • You should consume 20‐35 g/d of dietary fibre and 1.5‐2.0 L/d of water.
  • You must ensure effective treatment for chronic constipation irrespective of any other underlying condition.
  • You should take stool softeners and stimulant laxatives with expert guidance.
  • You should have regular oral administration and check-ups to check the renal functions of electrolytes if you have high-grade bradycardia and atrioventricular blockage.
  • You can also take herbal medication containing rhubarb with your physician’s guidance.
Kidney Problem

What are Some Common Types of Kidney Problems?

Renal diseases are becoming more common nowadays and could soon become a rising epidemic. Usually, kidney problems occur in the middle-aged or the older population. But now, these diseases are occurring early in life and affecting people in the age of 25 – 40. But rapid lifestyle changes and unhealthy habits induce more stress on our body, making us prone to kidney diseases. Kidney problems affect more than 2 lakh people every year in India, and nearly 4 lakh cases are still prevalent. It’s more worrisome because the rampancy of these diseases has doubled over the past decade due to increasing cases of hypertension, diabetes and stress.

Various studies have reported that 1 out of 10 in the modern area are suffering from a chronic kidney disorder. Without timely intervention, these patients could suffer from kidney failure of stage V CKD and require dialysis or kidney transplantation from the best general surgeon in Jaipur. Hence, you need to know more about these essential organs and what ails them. Read on to learn more about kidneys, their common problems and what you can do to prevent them.

What are Kidneys and their problems?

Every organ in our body has a unique purpose and functioning, which is crucial for our wellbeing. The same goes for kidneys, as they perform multiple and complex functions to sustain the human body. They filter out waste products, excess water, toxins and other impurities out of the blood. These toxins are then stored in the bladder and expelled from the body during urination. The kidneys also control pH, salt, and potassium levels in the body and produce hormones that regulate blood pressure. They also help in red blood cells production and even activate a form of vitamin D that helps the body absorb calcium.

So if kidneys experience any problems or ailments, all these functions get affected. Hence, kidney problems could mean bad news for your overall health. It can cause the collection of waste products and fluid in your body, causing swelling in your ankle and feet. You may also experience nausea, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath in the early stages. The situation may get worse, and various complications can occur without treatment at the right time. Therefore, the best general surgeon in Jaipur recommends immediate consultation with experts to prevent further complications like chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infections and even cancer.

Here are some of common types of the kidney problems:

Chronic kidney disease

It’s one of the most common kidney diseases usually caused by high blood pressure. High blood pressure increases the pressure on the glomeruli, which are the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys that clean blood. It can cause severe damages to these vessels and also affects kidney functions. Without treatment, your kidney functions may deteriorate and halt them altogether. In this case, the best general surgeon in Jaipur recommends you to go on dialysis or find a donor for the kidney transplant surgery.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are also a common kidney problem that affects both men and women from all age groups. They occur when minerals and other elements in the blood filter out. These elements can crystallize and form solid masses in the kidneys called stones. Small stones usually come out during urination, but passing them can be extremely painful. However, large stones can cause significant problems and discomfort and often require laparoscopy surgery.

Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections are the most common infections in humans, but they’re more frequent in women than men. These are bacterial infections caused by fungi or viruses and affect the urinary system. Usually, bacterial infections in the bladder and urethra are the most common type of UTIs. But they can also occur in the other parts and spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure without proper treatment. Fortunately, these do not lead to other health complications because their medical treatment is easy and requires one or two visits to the gynaecologist and medications.


Glomerulonephritis is a type of inflammation that occurs in the glomeruli. They are small structures inside your kidneys made of tiny blood vessels. These structures help filter the blood and remove excess fluids. Infections, drug abuse or congenital abnormalities are some major cause of this condition and can lead to kidney failure. It can either be acute or chronic and requires immediate treatment to prevent further complications.

Aortic Valve Insufficiency

All You Need to Know About Aortic Valve Insufficiency

Heart disorders have become more common nowadays and even affect the younger population. However, diseases that ail the heart valves are more lethal than others. Our heart has four valves, which are tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral and aortic valve. They help to keep blood flowing smoothly in the correct direction with their flap-like doors or leaflets. These valves open when blood pressure changes and close securely to prevent backflow in the opposite direction.

But in heart valve disease, one or more of the valves won’t open sufficiently or close evenly, causing the blood flow through your heart to your body to be disrupted. Both men and women can suffer from heart valve disease, but it may affect them differently and usually depend on the type of diseased valve. Here’s everything you need to know about one of the most common heart valve diseases that require intervention from the best general surgeon in Jaipur

What is Aortic Valve Insufficiency?

Also known as aortic valve regurgitation, it’s a common type of valvular heart disease caused due to defect in the heart’s pumping chamber or main artery, aortic valve. It stops blood from flowing back into the left ventricle that pumps oxygen-rich blood and nutrients to the body. The aortic valve insufficiencytriggers tightening of the aortic valve leaflet, which reduces the blood flow from the heart into the aorta and other parts of the body. However, some blood leaks back through the valve as the heart relaxes instead of flowing backwards into the left ventricle. Due to the heart inefficiency in pumping out blood, severe health conditions can get triggered, including stroke and heart failure.

When the aortic valve suddenly starts leaking, the heart doesn’t have time to get used to the leak in the valve. But with time, the heart gets used to the leak and becomes chronic aortic valve regurgitation. However, aortic valve insufficiency can also be acute and occurs more often with age in both men and women.

What are the symptoms of Aortic Valve Insufficiency?

Various noticeable and subtle symptoms can indicate the development of aortic valve insufficiency. However, some of these symptoms may not show up for years and only occur when the damage progresses. When your condition becomes severe, you may experience symptoms that get worse with time, including:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty in breathing while lying on back
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Unusual heartbeat or heart palpitations
  • Swelling in ankles, feet, abdomen, and the neck veins
  • Chest pain with tightness
  • Fainting

If your condition becomes much severe, it may become a medical emergency and includes symptoms like:

  • Shock symptoms such as pale skin, unconsciousness, or rapid breathing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Irregular heart rhythms that prevent the heart from pumping blood effectively

Without timely intervention, aortic valve insufficiency can also lead to heart attack, stroke and even heart failure. Therefore, you should immediately visit the best heart hospital in Jaipur to prevent further complications.

How is aortic valve insufficiency diagnosed?

The diagnosis requires an observation of symptoms and the overall health of the patient in a physical examination. During the physical examination, your doctor will ask you about your medical history and symptoms you’re experiencing for a long time. The diagnosis will also include a few more tests, such as:

  • Chest X-ray to determine if the left ventricular has become enlarged.
  • Echocardiogram to create an image of our heart through sonic sound waves and evaluate the condition of the heart valves and heart chambers while beating.
  • Electrocardiogram to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart and disease’s impact on the heart and lungs.
  • Cardiac Catheterization to assess the flow and pressure of blood through the heart chambers.
  • Stress testing to assess the functional capacity of the aortic valve
  • CT or MRI scan to find any sign of damage or tearing of the aorta

How is aortic valve insufficiency treated?

If you have a mild form of this condition, you may need only medicines to lower blood pressure and maintain the heart’s rhythm. If you have an enlarged left ventricular, you may also need diuretics to reduce swelling in the affected area. But in severe aortic valve insufficiency, you’ll need surgery to replace the affected valve through a heart valve replacement surgery. Hence, it’s crucial to closely follow up with the best general surgeon in Jaipur to ensure surgery is the right option for you.


What Are the Common Causes of Stomach Pain?

Everyone has experienced pain in their abdomen, at one time or another. It can range anywhere from mild to disconcerting and everything in between. Most people treat stomach pain as a slight discomfort that will go away on its own. While it’s true in most cases, the pain can increase over time, which is a sign of underlying disease. However, the list of causes is endless, and even the most meticulous Google search will not provide you with the exact results. That’s why we have listed some of the most common causes of stomach pain, so you’ll know whether you need to see a gastrologist or go for a hernia treatment in Jaipur.


While stomach pain usually doesn’t require treatment, frequent and sharp pain can be a sign of an impending medical emergency. If you’re experiencing constant pain in the upper right abdomen, it could mean that there is a problem with the gallbladder, liver, or pancreas. It can be a sign of any of the following:

  • Acute pancreatitis causing inflammation in the pancreas
  •  Liver diseases causing digestive problems
  • Stones in the gallbladder causing severe stomach pain

Gallstones are the most common cause of stomach pain and may last for four to six hours. While gallstones aren’t necessarily life-threatening, they can cause various complications, including pancreatitis. So if you find the pain unbearable, and comes with fever, vomiting, or feeling of intense illness, then you should visit the best hospital in Delhi for treatment.

Apart from gallstones, pancreas and liver problems, there are various conditions that can cause pain in the upper right abdomen. These conditions can be:

Diverticular disease

It occurs when small pouches form in the colon, which may become inflamed or infected. If that happens, it will lead to a painful condition called diverticulitis and require consultation from an expert. Its symptoms can include:

  • sudden, intense abdominal pain
  • constipation
  • diarrhoea
  • cramping
  • bloating
  • Kidney stones


The appendix is a thin, finger-shaped pouch located near the end of the colon. Appendicitis occurs when the appendix gets infected and gets filled with pus. It causes pain that starts in the middle of the stomach and gradually moves to the abdomen’s right side. Treatment for appendicitis requires the surgical removal of the appendix. Without timely intervention and treatment, the appendix can rupture and cause stomach infection. Therefore, you should go for treatment if they have any of these symptoms:

  • Pain that starts from the middle of the stomach and shifts to the right side.
  • Pain that starts around the navel and often shifts to your lower right abdomen.
  • Pain and discomfort while coughing, walking or making other jarring movements.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite


Hernias occur when a tissue, muscle or part of the intestine pushes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles and stays there. They can cause a visible bulge in the stomach and sharp pain. However, the pain can become when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object. However, many hernias do not cause pain. While they are usually harmless, they don’t get better on their own. In some cases, it can even lead to life-threatening complications. One of the best hernia treatment hospital in Jaipur recommends surgery to fix hernias that are painful or life-threatening. Symptoms of hernias include:

  • A visible bulge in the affected area
  • Burning sensations near the bulge
  • Sharp pain in the stomach
  • Feeling a heavy or full sensation in the groin area
  • Swelling of the scrotum

Blocked intestines

A blockage in the intestines can also be a cause of intense pain in the stomach. It can range from partial blockages to complete blockages and everything in between. It prevents the body from expelling waste, and without intervention, it can tear the intestine and cause various life-threatening complications. Its symptoms include:

  • abdominal pain
  • cramping
  • a swollen stomach
  • a fever
  • a rapid heartbeat
  • bloody diarrhoea

There can be several reasons behind your stomach pain, including inflammatory bowel disease, tumours or hernias. But early hernia treatment in Jaipur can ensure a better prognosis. So visit our doctor to find the cause of your stomach pain and start treatment as soon as possible.

Heart Surgery

What Are the Common Types Of Heart Surgery?

Most heart-related problems can be controlled with lifestyle changes and medications and do not always require surgery. But if you’ve had a heart attack, your doctor will need to perform several procedures to find and fix any irregularities in your heart that can’t be cured through medications and lifestyle changes. According to one of the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur, it is the most effective treatment option to address various heart problems such as heart failure, blockage in arteries, faulty heart valves, dilated or damaged blood vessels or abnormal heart rhythms.

Surgeries ensure that your heartbeat stays normal and maintain the necessary blood pressure during all forms of bodily activity. For example, most heart attack patients undergo thrombolysis that requires injecting a clot-dissolving agent to remove a blockage in a coronary artery. In catheter ablation, they use energy to make tiny tissue scarring that prevents abnormal electrical signals from moving through your heart. Coronary angioplasty involves inserting a stent into a narrowed or blocked coronary artery to hold it open.

However, these surgeries have evolved to be specific to different heart concerns over the last few decades. They may vary from patients to patients, depending on their symptoms and their causes. The most commonly performed types of heart surgery at one of best cardiac hospital in Jaipur are:

Open heart surgery:

It’s one of the most traditional forms of heart surgery that involves an invasive procedure in which the chest is cut open to access the heart and surrounding blood vessels. Then, the cardiologists will perform various surgical procedures to treat heart problems. It can be performed directly on the heart muscle or the arteries or valves connected to the heart. However, it requires the patient to be connected to a heart-lung machine. It works like an artificial heart during surgery and oxygenates the blood while the heart has been stopped.

The most common types of open-heart surgeries include heart valve surgery or procedures that require a hole in the heart walls. Due to advancement in open-heart surgery, it has become one of the most relied-upon techniques to drive better patient outcomes, reducing heart disease-related mortality across the world.

Heart Bypass Surgery:

It is one of the most common types of open-heart surgeries that address coronary arteries affected by plaque build-up or irreversible blockage. Hence, the surgeons will place a graft in the blocked artery, which allows the heart to bypass the blockage and restore its functions.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the major heart ailments that require heart bypass surgery. It occurs when the arteries harden over time due to fat build-up and get blocked. It can cause various problems, such as shortness of breath, tightness or heaviness in the chest area or chest pain. It often leads to a heart attack which is why doctors recommend this surgery as a preventative measure.

Heart valve repair or replacement

If the damage to the heart valve can’t be repaired through medications, surgery is required to repair or replace the damaged valve. A team of surgeons and cardiologists will either repair the valve or replace it with an artificial valve made from the donor’s tissue. To open a narrowed valve inside the heart, they will insert a catheter through a large blood vessel and guide it to the damaged valve in the heart. Then, they will inflate and deflate a small balloon at the tip of the catheter to open a narrow valve.

Heart transplant surgery:

It is recommended only as a last resort when all else have failed, and a heart failure is imminent. If heart surgeries or implantation of a medical device cannot prevent cardiomyopathy or heart defects, a heart transplant surgery is suggested by the doctor. Surgeons will take a healthy heart from a deceased donor and replace it with a patient’s heart. It requires the donor and patient to be a match in blood and tissue types. However, the patient still has to take anti-rejection drugs after surgery to ensure that their body accepts the donor’s heart.

In past decades, heart surgery has become safer and sophisticated, allowing preparedness for various eventualities and severe side effects. So if you have queries about heart surgeries and how they can improve your life, consult the cardiologists at the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur.

Zeeva Fertility

What Are Heart Palpitations, And What To Do About Them?

Heart palpitations occur when your heartbeats suddenly become more erratic and noticeable. It makes you feel like your heart is pounding too hard, fluttering too fast or skipping a beat. According to the best heart hospital in Jaipur, these sensations are noticed in the chest, throat or neck area and can cause more problems than discomfort. 

While palpitations may seem bothersome or frightening, they’re mostly harmless and are not a sign of a problem. These are temporary sensations that can come from exercise or stress. But in some situations, these can also be a sign of an underlying heart problem. 

The best heart doctors in Jaipur have reported that heart palpitations can also be caused by changes in the heart’s electrical system. It causes your heart to speed up, slow down or skip a beat for no reasons. Therefore, it’s important to understand its causes, signs, symptoms and risks, so you know what to do about them.

What are the causes of heart palpitations?

Heart palpitations can be caused by various internal and external factors affecting the rhythm or intensity of your heartbeat. Some of the common causes of heart palpitations include:

Stress or anxiety: When your body experiences intense emotions, such as stress or anxiety, it releases certain hormones that can speed up your heartbeat. It can also lead to intensive bouts of panic attacks that last for a few minutes. A panic attack feels like a heart attack with symptoms, including racing heart, sweating, trouble breathing and chest pain.

Exercise or heavy physical exertion: When you put your body through rigorous physical activity, your heart will naturally start to beat faster. It helps your heart to deliver more blood and oxygen to power your muscles throughout the whole exercise. In some cases, irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia can also heart palpitations during a workout.

Nicotine: Some addictive chemicals in cigarettes, such as nicotine raise your blood pressure and speed up your heart rate. A regular smoking habit or usage of nicotine replacements may not trigger heart palpitations right away but leave long term damages to your heart. In some cases, patients may experience withdrawal and even after quitting. 

Pregnancy or hormone changes: In the middle of their pregnancy, most women experience speeding heartbeat because of hormone changes. They may also feel them when they have their periods or in menopause. These heart palpitations are only temporary and are no reason for worry. But in some pregnancy cases, heart palpitations can also be caused by anaemia in which your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells to deliver oxygen throughout the body.

What are the symptoms of heart palpitations?

The signs and symptoms of heart palpitations vary from person to person and can be described in various ways. Early symptoms may occur in the chest area, which includes:

  • Pounding and thudding in the chest area
  • Racing heartbeat
  • skipping a beat
  • Fluttering
  • Murmuring or flip-flopping

In some cases, these palpitations are followed by other symptoms that resemble a heart attack. These symptoms are:

  • Excessive sweating
  • Quenching thirst
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Chest pain

How to manage heart palpitations?

Heart palpitations are usually harmless and usually go away on their own. However, the best heart doctors in Jaipur advise few measures to manage your heart palpitations better. These measures are:

Stress management: Most heart palpitations are caused by stress so learn relaxation strategies, such as meditation, yoga or breathing techniques to ease its symptoms.

Hydration:  Dehydration or electrolytes can also cause heart palpitations. Therefore, drink a glass of water or electrolytes may help prevent and manage heart palpitations.

Vagal Manoeuvres:  The vagus nerve is connected to both the heart and brain and can be used to regulate your stress levels and heart rate. You can try various strategies that stimulate the vagus nerve to return your heartbeat to normal levels. 

When should you seek medical help?

You don’t need medical assistance if your heart palpitations happen occasionally and pass quickly. But some palpitations can also be a sign of an underlying heart condition. Therefore, it’s a good idea to see medical help if:

  • Your heart palpitations continue for a long time
  • Your heart palpitations occur regularly for no apparent reasons
  • Your heart palpitations are followed by chest pain, nausea and shortness of breath

So, if you’re unsure about heart palpitations, it’s always better to get a proper medical evaluation at the best heart hospital in Jaipur.

best general Surgeon in Jaip

Common Foods Items That Can Raise Your Heart Attack Risks

Cardiovascular or heart diseases are the leading cause of death in India, claiming more than 1.7 million of life every year. But why more and more Indians are falling victim to these conditions, and how can we improve our chances against this looming threat. Well, according to one of the best general Surgeon in Jaipur, the answer is in your diet.

The FDA recommends that you should consume less than 10% of your daily calories from added sugar and oils. However, most of us are consuming way more, which isn’t great for the heart. It causes the arteries in your heart to get narrow and also increases blood pressure. In short, you might be eating away your life without even realizing it.

But that’s the least of your worries. Certain food types drastically increase therisk of heart diseases. The Best heart hospital in Jaipur has stated that consuming high saturated fats put you at the risk of a heart attack.

So if you want your heart to be healthy for the year to come, you have to keep some food items away from you. Read on to know which food items you should avoid keeping your heart healthy. There are more than a few:

Fast Foods: Aptly known as junk foods, fast food items like burger and fries not only make you obese but also weaken your heart. These foods items are loaded with unsaturated fats and carbs. So the more you eat, the higher your blood pressure and cholesterol levels are going to be. 

High blood cholesterol levels cause blockage in arteries, leading to a heart attack or even stroke. You can try to cut down on fast food items or replace them with food made in saturated fats such as vegetable oils. 

Baked & fried goods: Baked goods have double the fats, plus an abundance of sugar. Besides, conventional frying creates Trans fats and raises cholesterol while lowering the levels of nutrients. It gradually offers no nutritional benefits and might contain hydrogenated shortenings. 

Some of the best heart hospital in Jaipur have linked these food items to an increased risk of heart diseases. An easy way to add healthy fat to your diet is to use olive oil or coconut oil while preparing your food.

Soda or carbonated drinks: In India, the largest sources of added sugar are not food items but are carbonated drinks. They can do a lot of damage to your health and your heart and offers no benefits whatsoever. Regular soda consumption triggers a spike in insulin, which leads to weight gain, metabolic problems and serious health disorders. 

The added sugar in them only adds to the health problems, causing inflammation and adiposity. So the next time you feel a craving for soda, go for a glass of sparkling water, fresh juice or even a smoothie. 

Pizza: Cheese, the main ingredient in Pizza, has the highest levels of fats than any other food. On top of that, it also has high sodium content and unhealthy toppings. All of these usually gets stored in your body as belly fat and wreak havoc on your heart’s health. However, you can allow yourself an indulgence once in a while.

Rather than eating a whole pizza by yourself, stick to just one or two occasional slices. You can also add a healthy salad as a side to increase your fibre intake and prevent the bad cholesterol from going up.

Processed meats: Processed meats are preserved using salt or added preservatives and have high levels of fats. Even the ones with low fats contain about 250 mg of sodium per slice which is half of the daily recommended levels. What’s worrisome is that they are high in Trans fats and offer the worst possible nutritional profile.

Some of the best general Surgeon in Jaipur recommend adding lean protein options such as poultry, fish and eggs in your daily diet. They are not only a great source of nutrients but also contain no cholesterol.

open-heart surgery

Everything You Need to Know About Open-Heart Surgery

Each year in India, more than 17 lakh people are diagnosed with a heart condition. According to a study by The Register General of India, Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) has the highest mortality in India. However, the main culprit behind these numbers is none other than us. In the past 20 years, our lifestyle has changed rapidly due to urbanization. Young Indians are consuming processed foods more and more without working out less than ever. The best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur also witnessed that the cases of CVDs in the younger generation are increasing day by day. Combining all these statistics show that the younger generation in India is getting more prone to heart attacks.

For heart patients, there are many treatments available to diagnose and treat heart conditions. However, only an open heart surgery can correct the problems where other treatments have failed to work. Even one of the best cardiac centre in Jaipur believes that open heart surgery is imminent to prevent further complications and to put heart patients on the path for the best recovery.

If you’re about to undergo open-heart surgery, here’s everything you should know to prepare for it.

What is open-heart surgery?

As the name suggests, an open heart surgery means the doctor will cut open the chest to perform operations on the heart muscles, valves or arteries. It’s a major procedure, which requires the surgeon to have proper access to the patient’s heart and rectify the damage completely. The most common open-heart surgery is Bypass surgery, in which arteries and veins are removed from the other part of the patient’s body to replace a clogged artery in the heart muscles. 

It’s performed to treat blocked or narrow arteries that can trigger a heart attack. The replaced artery is then allowed to go around the clogged artery and to resupply the heart with fresh blood. Cardiac surgeons perform it to repair or replace the damaged valves in the heart or treat an aneurysm. In this surgery, all functionalities of a patient’s heart are shifted to a machine while the surgeon operates.

When is open-heart surgery needed?

An open-heart surgery becomes inevitable when the coronary arteries in the heart get too narrow or blocked. According to the best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur, they only perform open-heart surgery if placing the stent is not possible. Also, one of the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur have performed this procedure if there is a severe coronary disease in multiple arteries and the risk of heart attack is high. 

Other procedures that require open-heart surgery are:

· Repair or replacement of heart valve

· Repair of damaged heart

· Replacement of the entire heart

· Implementation of medical devices such as pacemakers.

What are the types of open-heart surgeries?

Open –heart surgeries are some of the most advanced operations in the medical industry, and only the best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur can perform them. Although new techniques and treatments are emerging, open-heart surgery is still considered the best action to treat CVDs.

Here are the types of open-heart surgeries that are performed at one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur regularly:

On-pump open heart surgery:  In this procedure, the patient is on ventilator support while being kept under anaesthesia. The surgeon harvests the blood vessels while the heart-lung machine maintains the blood flow throughout the body. The heart-lung machine allows the heart to stop, so the surgery won’t have to be performed on a beating heart. Recommended only for critical patients, this surgery is quicker, and the bleeding is minimal. 

Off-pump open heart surgery: The process is the same in this surgery, except the heart maintain the blood flow and not the machine. The surgeon first stabilizes the portion of the heart while the rest of the heart keeps working. It allows surgeons to bypass the blocked artery in a controlled environment. It is less expensive, reduces recovery risks and requires less transfusion comparatively to on-pump surgery. However, only the non-critical patients are eligible for off-pump surgery.

How is post-surgery recovery?

Open-heart surgery is a major life event that directly affects the quality of your life. That’s why it’s highly important to stay vigilant following the procedure. The patient is kept in ICU for the next 24 hours and then under observation for 48 hours. Once the patient regains consciousness, the surgeons remove the chest tubes and the breathing tubes. More than 98% of patients lead a normal life after the surgery. According to one of the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur, total recovery may take up to 6 months. But once you’ve recovered, there’s a good chance that you’ll feel even better than before.

cardiac hospital in jaipur

Alleviating The Risks of Atherosclerosis Through The Ages

To keep the blood flowing normally through your body it is important that all parts of your circulatory system function in a proper and synchronized manner and this includes your arteries as well. However, there are a lot of problems that can keep your arteries from functioning well. Atherosclerosis is one such problem that can hinder the normal circulation of blood. The condition is marked by the narrowing or stiffening of the arteries. 

Atherosclerosis is progressive in nature and usually begins very early, though you may not feel any symptom initially. As per the best cardiac surgeons in Jaipur, atherosclerosis can continue to grow and block the blood vessels as well. Not only this, the plaque can rupture, resulting in instant clotting which can lead to a heart attack or stroke. This can be life-threatening.

Though atherosclerosis is quite unpredictable, there’s one good news. The condition takes years to progress and the rate can be further slowed down by incorporating some healthy changes in your day to day life. So, here are a few tips that you should definitely consider if you are planning to alleviate your risks of developing atherosclerosis. 

Age group – 20s and 30s

At this age, the condition is usually in its initial stage and there are no major complications that may call for the need for immediate medical intervention. The problem may even start before you have stepped into your 20s. Studies have shown that atherosclerosis is more likely to affect youngsters suffering from obesity, hypertension and high cholesterol. Smokers, too, fall in the risk category. Hence, it is better to begin regular health assessments at the age of 20. 

Experts from the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur suggest that the major focus of the affected in this age group should not be on getting treatment, but rather developing good habits that can help to curb the progression of the disease. It is important to indulge in physical activities and make a routine that you can easily follow for years to come. To make your routine a bit interesting, you can try experimenting. For instance, you can join Zumba classes, try swimming, take part in sports, go cycling, etc. As important as it is to keep moving, it is equally important to healthify your diet. You may need to cut down on your cravings and stick to healthy alternatives.

Age group – 40s and 50s

As per the experts from the best cardiac centre in Jaipur, the chances of developing atherosclerosis, as well as the rate of its progression, increases as we approach middle age. The major emphasis during this time should be on alleviating the risks. It is important to get yourself assessed on a daily basis. 

You neither need to run marathons nor spend hours in the gym. Even small changes make a big difference. 30 minutes of walking in the morning or taking the stairs instead of the lift, everything counts. Go to the store to buy the grocery instead of ordering it to your doorstep. Try experimenting with healthy food. Don’t stick to the same options every day as it can be boring. Limit your portions and eat at regular intervals. Don’t use your age as an excuse as adherence to a healthy lifestyle has no age bar. 

Age group – Above the 60s

As you are on the verge of retirement, your major focus should be on enjoying your life and kicking out all the stress. The risks of atherosclerosis are significantly high at this age. 85 per cent of deaths owing to atherosclerosis occur in this age group. Adhering to a healthy lifestyle is not a choice but rather a necessity. Many elderlies suffer from problems like diabetes and hypertension which make them even more vulnerable to atherosclerosis, hence proper management of these is very important. 

Exercising can do wonders for you, but this does not mean that you have to run miles or take part in rigorous sports. Simple stretching, walking, and mild exercise are enough to keep you going. Dietary modifications are also a must and you can easily get a personalized diet plan from your doctor. 

How to take care of your heart and prevent Heart Failure

Heart failure is also known as congestive heart failure which is basically caused when the heart muscle doesn’t pump blood with its full capacity. Sometimes it causes fluid buildup in the lungs that further causes shortness of breath. There are several heart diseases such as coronary artery disease, congenital heart disease, and high blood pressure that make the heart weak due to which it is not able to pump blood properly. Heart failure is often misunderstood by heart-stopping, though it is basically a heart condition in which the heart is unable to pump the blood properly. It is more common than one might think and old age people are at greater risk of heart failure than young adults. Women that suffer from chronic hypertension are susceptible to heart failure. They also suffer from fatigue and shortness of breath after doing a little strenuous work. Regular walk, exercise, yoga, a properly balanced diet, and change in lifestyle help to prevent heart failure. Our heart beats continually in order to provide nutrition and oxygen to all parts of the body therefore it is our responsibility that we take care of it by making it strong enough to beat without stress.


Heat failure usually doesn’t occur suddenly, it takes duration of time. The symptoms are usually mild and people do not take note of it. But these are signs and signals of heart failure. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Chest pain
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness after doing a little work
  • Shortness of breath and uneasiness
  • Rapid weight gain due to fat buildup
  • Nausea
  • Lack of appetite
  • Swelling in legs, ankles, and feet
  • Persistent cough
  • Difficulty in concentration

Conditions that lead to heart failure

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart attack
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Inflammation heart muscles
  • Abnormal heart rhythm or heart arrhythmias
  • Congenital heart defect
  • Side effects from certain medications
  • Blood clots in lungs

Ways to Prevent Heart Failure

Minor adjustments in lifestyle play a vital role in the prevention of heart failure. Mostly, people with a sedentary lifestyle, limited body movement, bad eating habits that include packed food, junk food, spicy and fat-rich food are more likely to have heart failure. Lifestyle adjustments such as people who smoke a lot should quit smoking gradually. People who suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure should take medications on time, take a balanced meal, avoid fatty food, and must exercise regularly. Further, changing in eating habits and high fiber, protein-rich, a well-balanced nutritious diet helps in maintaining good heart health. People suffering from obesity, sudden weight gain, or fluctuation in weight are at a greater risk of having heart failure therefore, one must maintain a healthy weight by having a balanced diet and doing exercise. Further, stress is another reason that causes irregular heartbeat and causes sudden stress to the heart due to which heart beats very fast due to which the heart muscles get weak and the heart is unable to pump properly. Rukmani  Birla hospital is a multi-specialty hospital that provides the world-class treatment. It is recognized as one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. We have the best cardiac surgeon in Jaipur who are specialized and have the experience to provide the best healthcare.   For any health-related problem or query contact RBH hospital and be assured of your health.

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